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Supposed to have been earlier *priuscus, from prior, q.v. Equivalent to prius +‎ -cus; ultimately composed of Proto-Indo-European *pre- + *-yōs + *-kos.



prīscus (feminine prīsca, neuter prīscum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. former
    Synonyms: prīstinus, senex, vetus
    Antonym: novus
    • 8 CE, Ovid, Fasti 1.197-198:
      plūrīs opēs nunc sunt quam prīscī temporis annīs,
      dum populus pauper, dum nova Rōma fuit, [...]
      Now wealth is more valued than it was in years of former times,
      when the nation was poor, when Rome was new, [...]
  2. ancient
    Synonym: antīquus
    Antonym: recēns
  3. old-fashioned


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative prīscus prīsca prīscum prīscī prīscae prīsca
Genitive prīscī prīscae prīscī prīscōrum prīscārum prīscōrum
Dative prīscō prīscō prīscīs
Accusative prīscum prīscam prīscum prīscōs prīscās prīsca
Ablative prīscō prīscā prīscō prīscīs
Vocative prīsce prīsca prīscum prīscī prīscae prīsca

Derived terms[edit]


  • Italian: prisco
  • Portuguese: prisco

See also[edit]


  • priscus”, in Charlton T[homas] Lewis; Charles [Lancaster] Short (1879) [] A New Latin Dictionary [], New York, N.Y.; Cincinnati, Ohio; Chicago, Ill.: American Book Company; Oxford: Clarendon Press.
  • priscus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • priscus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette
  • Carl Meißner; Henry William Auden (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to go back to the remote ages: repetere ab ultima (extrema, prisca) antiquitate (vetustate), ab heroicis temporibus
    • obsolete, ambiguous expressions: prisca, obsoleta (opp. usitata), ambigua verba
  • priscus”, in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • priscus”, in William Smith, editor (1848) A Dictionary of Greek Biography and Mythology, London: John Murray