-cus

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: cus, CUs, cuś, and čus

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *-kos, *-ḱos. Cognate with Ancient Greek -κός (-kós), Proto-Germanic *-gaz, Sanskrit शस (śasa) and Old Church Slavonic -ъкъ (-ŭkŭ).

PIE *-ko- on noun stems carried the meaning 'characteristic of, like, typical, pertaining to', and on adjectival stems it acted emphatically.

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-cus m (feminine -ca, neuter -cum); first/second declension

  1. suffixed to nouns, forms adjectives
    juvenis + -cusjuvencus
    Mārs + -cusMār(t)cus
    ravis + -cusraucus

This suffix survives in inherited forms and became productive through its derivations (cf. infra) by metanalysis.

Declension[edit]

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative -cus -ca -cum -cī -cae -ca
genitive -cī -cae -cī -cōrum -cārum -cōrum
dative -cō -cō -cīs
accusative -cum -cam -cum -cōs -cās -ca
ablative -cō -cā -cō -cīs
vocative -ce -ca -cum -cī -cae -ca

Derived terms[edit]


References[edit]