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Etymology 1[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms[edit]


-īcius (feminine -īcia, neuter -īcium); first/second-declension suffix

  1. forms adjectives, nearly always by attaching to past participles; implies a more permanent state of affairs than the corresponding participle would suggest
  2. (Late Latin) attaches to past participles to form adjectives meaning '-able', 'meant for', or similar
Derived terms[edit]
  • Inherited:
    • Catalan: -ís
    • Italian: -iccio
    • Old French: -eiz, -eice
    • Portuguese: -iço
    • Spanish: -izo
    • Sicilian: -izzu
  • Borrowed:

Etymology 2[edit]

From -icus +‎ -ius, both also adjective-forming suffixes.

Alternative forms[edit]


-icius (feminine -icia, neuter -icium); first/second-declension suffix

  1. forms adjectives by attaching to adjectives or nouns; often denotes magistrates or sociolegal ranks
Derived terms[edit]


  • Fruyt, Michèle. 2011. Word-formation in Classical Latin. In Clackson, James (ed.), A companion to the Latin language. Oxford: Blackwell. Page 164.
  • Malkiel, Yakov. 1983. Alternatives to the classic dichotomy family tree/wave theory? The Romance evidence. In Rauch, Irmengard & Carr, Gerald F. (eds.), Language Change, 192–256. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. §4.
  • Malkiel, Yakov. 1992. Diachronic studies in lexicology, affixation, phonology: Edita and inedita, 1979–1988. Amsterdam: J. Benjamins. Pages 146–149.
  • Rohlfs, Gerhard. 1969. Grammatica storica della lingua italiana e dei suoi dialetti: Sintassi e formazione delle parole. Turin: Einaudi. §§1038–1039.