ocht

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Alemannic German[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ocht

  1. (Alsatian) eight

Irish[edit]

Irish cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : ocht
    Ordinal : ochtú
    Personal : ochtar

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish ocht, from Proto-Celtic *oxtū, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Pronunciation[edit]

Numeral[edit]

ocht (triggers eclipsis)

  1. (cardinal) eight

Usage notes[edit]

  • May be used with nouns in both the singular and plural; triggers eclipsis:
  • ocht gcateight cats
  • ocht dtroitheeight feet
  • ocht n-uaireeight times
  • When used with the definite article, the definite article is always in the plural. When used with nouns modified by adjectives, the adjective is also in the plural and is always lenited after nouns in the singular but only lenites after nouns in the plural when they end in slender consonants:
  • ocht gcapall bhánaeight white horses
  • na hocht n-eaglais mhórathe eight big churches
But:
  • ocht gcapaill bhánaeight white horses
  • na hocht n-eaglaisí mórathe eight big churches
  • With personal nouns, the personal form ochtar is used.

Derived terms[edit]

  • ochtar (used with personal nouns)
  • ochtú (eighth) (ordinal)

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
ocht n-ocht hocht not applicable
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • "ocht" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • 1 ocht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *oxtū, from Proto-Indo-European *oḱtṓw.

Numeral[edit]

Old Irish cardinal numbers
 <  7 8 9  > 
    Cardinal : ocht
    Ordinal : ochtmad

ocht

  1. eight
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

ocht n

  1. Alternative form of ucht (breast)

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ocht unchanged n-ocht
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • 1 ocht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • 2 ocht” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.