From Proto-Finnic *-kte, where the k is marker for the present tense. In the past tense, there was originally i instead of k (*-ite) but the present suffix has been generalized to all tenses and moods. The *-te part is probably identical to the first-person plural pronoun te and probably had a final consonant.
- (personal) Forms the second-person plural of verbs.
- lukea -> luette you (plural, or polite singular or plural) read
- Suffixed to the same stem that the first-person singular has, both in the present and the past tense, and in indicative, conditional and potential mood.
- (past tense suffix) Used to form the third-person singular past tense of verbs (definite conjugations).
- (past-tense and verbal-participle suffix) Variants:
- -ta is added to most back-vowel verbs
- -te is added to most front-vowel verbs
- -tta is added to back-vowel verbs ending in a vowel (hí, fú, ó, ró, rí, szí)
- -tte is added to front-vowel verbs ending in a vowel (lő, nyű, sző)
- -otta is added to back-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (fut, nyit, except lát)
- -ette is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (vet)
- -ötte is added to rounded front-vowel verbs ending in two consonants or a long vowel + t, or to monosyllables ending in -t (köt, süt, üt)
- (noun-forming suffix) Variants: