Reconstruction:Proto-Indo-European/wóyde

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This Proto-Indo-European entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Indo-European[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root perfect of the root *weyd-.

Verb[edit]

*wóyde (stative)

  1. to have seen, to know

Inflection[edit]

Stative
3rd singular *wóyde
3rd plural *widḗr
Active voice Indicative Imperative Subjunctive Optative
1st singular *wóydh₂e *wéydoh₂ *widyéh₁m̥
2nd singular *wóydth₂e *wóyd, *widdʰí *wéydesi *widyéh₁s
3rd singular *wóyde *wóydtu *wéydeti *widyéh₁t
1st dual *widwé *wéydowos *widih₁wé
2nd dual *? *widtóm *wéydetes *widih₁tóm
3rd dual *? *widtā́m *wéydetes *widih₁tā́m
1st plural *widmé *wéydomos *widih₁mé
2nd plural *widé *widté *wéydete *widih₁té
3rd plural *widḗr *widéntu *wéydonti *widih₁ént
Participle *widwṓs

Descendants[edit]

  • Armenian: *gēt-
  • Balto-Slavic:
    • Slavic: *věděti (to know) (see there for further descendants)
  • Germanic: *witaną (to know) (see there for further descendants)
  • Hellenic:
    • Ancient Greek: οἶδα (oîda, to know)
  • Indo-Iranian:
  • Italic: *woidai
    • Latin: vīdī (have seen)