空氣

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See also: 空気 and 空气

Chinese[edit]

 
emptied; leisure; air; sky; empty; in vain
 
gas; air; smell; weather; vital breath; to make sb. angry; to get angry; to be enraged
trad. (空氣)
simp. (空气)

Etymology[edit]

From (kōng, “empty”) + (, “gas, air”)

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2 1/2 2/2
Initial () (29) (29) (29) (32)
Final () (1) (1) (20) (20)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open Open
Division () I I III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰɨiH/ /hɨiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰɨiH/ /hɨiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰiəiH/ /xiəiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kʰəwŋ/ /kʰəwŋH/ /kʰɨjH/ /hɨjH/
Li
Rong
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰiəiH/ /xiəiH/
Wang
Li
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰĭəiH/ /xĭəiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kʰuŋ/ /kʰuŋH/ /kʰe̯iH/ /xe̯iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kōng kòng

Noun[edit]

空氣

  1. air; atmosphere
    污染空氣 / 污染空气  ―  bèi wūrǎn de kōngqì  ―  polluted air

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
くう
Grade: 1

Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

空氣 (kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji 空気, hiragana くうき, rōmaji kūki)

  1. Kyūjitai spelling of 空気: air, atmosphere; atmosphere, mood

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

空氣 (gonggi) (hangeul 공기)

  1. Hanja form? of 공기, “air”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Noun[edit]

空氣

  1. Hán tự form of không khí, “air”