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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心人弓木 (POND), four-corner 98017, composition)

  1. anger, wrath, hatred, enmity

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 397, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 736, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2337, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+613E

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (29)
Final () (20) (41)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨiH/ /kʰʌiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɨiH/ /kʰəiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiəiH/ /kʰɒiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hɨjH/ /kʰəjH/
Li
Rong
/xiəiH/ /kʰᴀiH/
Wang
Li
/xĭəiH/ /kʰɒiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xe̯iH/ /kʰɑ̆iH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
kài
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
kài
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjɨjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰəp-s/
English sigh; angry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10136 10145
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʰɯːds/ /*qʰɯds/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gae, hui) (hangeul , , revised gae, hui, McCune-Reischauer kae, hŭi, Yale kay, huy)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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References[edit]