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U+78D5, 磕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-78D5

[U+78D4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+78D6]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 112, +10, 15 strokes, cangjie input 一口土戈廿 (MRGIT), four-corner 14617, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 835, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24407
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1252, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2446, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+78D5

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms 𥕤

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
磕-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *kʰaːb, *kʰaːd): semantic (stone) + phonetic (OC *ɡaːb).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • khap - literary;
  • kha̍p - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
    Initial () (29) (29) (29)
    Final () (25) (63) (144)
    Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open Open
    Division () I I I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /kʰajH/ /kʰat̚/ /kʰap̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /kʰɑiH/ /kʰɑt̚/ /kʰɑp̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    kài ke ke
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    hoi3 hot3 hap3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 5077 5090
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*kʰaːb/ /*kʰaːd/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to knock sth. against a hard surface; to dash against a stone
    2. to knock an item off another item by hitting them against a hard surface
    3. to kowtow
    4. (dialect, figuratively) to fight

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. hit
    2. collide
    3. knock into

    Readings[edit]

    • On (unclassified): かい (kai), こう (kō), かつ (katsu), かち (kachi)

    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (gae) (hangeul , revised gae, McCune–Reischauer kae, Yale kay)

    1. bump
    2. drumbeat

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: khạp

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.