malign

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English maligne, from Old French maligne, from Latin malignus, from malus (bad) + genus (sort, kind). Compare benign.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • enPR: mə-līn', IPA(key): /məˈlaɪn/
  • (file)

Adjective[edit]

malign (comparative more malign, superlative most malign)

  1. Evil or malignant in disposition, nature, intent or influence.
    • 1631, Francis [Bacon], “(please specify |century=I to X)”, in Sylua Syluarum: Or A Naturall Historie. In Ten Centuries. [], 3rd edition, London: [] VVilliam Rawley; [p]rinted by J[ohn] H[aviland] for William Lee [], OCLC 1044372886:
      Witchcraft may be by operation of malign spirits.
  2. Malevolent.
  3. (oncology) Malignant.
    a malign ulcer

Antonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

malign (third-person singular simple present maligns, present participle maligning, simple past and past participle maligned)

  1. (transitive) To make defamatory statements about; to slander or traduce.
    • 2018 November 18, Phil McNulty, “England 2 - 1 Croatia”, in BBC Sport[1]:
      The obvious joy of England's players and supporters after that dramatic finale was another indicator that the Uefa Nations League, mocked and maligned at its inception, is capturing the public's imagination.
    • 1692–1717, Robert South, Twelve Sermons Preached upon Several Occasions, volume (please specify |volume=I to VI), 6th edition, London: [] J[ames] Bettenham, for Jonah Bowyer, [], published 1727, OCLC 21766567:
      To be envied and shot at; to be maligned standing, and to be despised falling.
  2. (transitive, archaic) To treat with malice; to show hatred toward; to abuse; to wrong.
    • 1633, Edmund Spenser, A Vewe of the Present State of Irelande  [], Dublin: [] Sir James Ware; reprinted as A View of the State of Ireland [], Dublin: [] the Society of Stationers, [] Hibernia Press, [] By John Morrison, 1809:
      The people practice what mischiefs and villainies they will against private men, whom they malign by stealing their goods, or murdering them.

Synonyms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Adjective[edit]

malign

  1. Alternative form of maligne

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malignus

Adjective[edit]

malign (masculine and feminine malign, neuter malignt, definite singular and plural maligne)

  1. (medicine) malignant

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin malignus

Adjective[edit]

malign (masculine and feminine malign, neuter malignt, definite singular and plural maligne)

  1. (medicine) malignant

Romanian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

malign m or n (feminine singular malignă, masculine plural maligni, feminine and neuter plural maligne)

  1. (medicine) malign
    Antonym: benign
  2. (rare, dated) evil
    Synonym: răutăcios

Declension[edit]