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Formed as an antonym of benignus (kind, generous),[1] from male (badly) +‎ -gnus (-born).



malignus (feminine maligna, neuter malignum); first/second-declension adjective

  1. wicked, malicious, stingy
  2. spiteful
  3. malignant, malign


First/second-declension adjective.

Number Singular Plural
Case / Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative malignus maligna malignum malignī malignae maligna
Genitive malignī malignae malignī malignōrum malignārum malignōrum
Dative malignō malignō malignīs
Accusative malignum malignam malignum malignōs malignās maligna
Ablative malignō malignā malignō malignīs
Vocative maligne maligna malignum malignī malignae maligna




  1. ^ De Vaan, Michiel (2008), “gignō, -ere”, in Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 7), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 261

Further reading[edit]

  • malignus”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • malignus”, in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • malignus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • malignus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette