Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
U+7058, 灘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7058

[U+7057]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7059]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 85 +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 水廿人土 (ETOG), four-corner 30114, composition)

  1. bank, a sandbar, shoal
  2. rapids

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 663, character 22
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 18784
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1072, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1794, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+7058

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːl
*naːl, *neːl, *njeːl
*n̥ʰaːn, *n̥ʰaːns
*n̥ʰaːn, *naːns, *hnaːnʔ, *hnaːns
*n̥ʰaːn
*n̥ʰaːn, *naːnʔ, *naːns
*n̥ʰaːn
*n̥ʰaːns
*n̥ʰaːn, *naːns
*hnaːnʔ, *hnaːns
*hnaːnʔ, *hnaːns, *njanʔ
*hnaːns
*rnaːnʔ, *njanʔ

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • than - literary;
  • thoaⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
Initial () (6) (32) (8)
Final () (61) (61) (61)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰɑn/ /hɑnX/ /nɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰɑn/ /hɑnX/ /nɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɑn/ /xɑnX/ /nɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰan/ /hanX/ /nanH/
Li
Rong
/tʰɑn/ /xɑnX/ /nɑnH/
Wang
Li
/tʰɑn/ /xɑnX/ /nɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰɑn/ /xɑnX/ /nɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tān hǎn nàn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
tān
Middle
Chinese
‹ than ›
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ˤar/ (E dialect: *n̥ˤ- > MC th-)
English foreshore

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
No. 4891 4901 4902 4908
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*n̥ʰaːn/ /*naːns/ /*hnaːnʔ/ /*hnaːns/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. open sea

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(tan) (hangeul , revised tan, McCune-Reischauer t'an, Yale than)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(than)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.