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U+718A, 熊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-718A

[U+7189]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+718B]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 86 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 戈心火 (IPF), four-corner 21331, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 679, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19294
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1090, character 32
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2227, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+718A

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
熊-oracle.svg 熊-bronze.svg 熊-bigseal.svg 熊-seal.svg

 + .

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *d-wam.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • hîm - vernacular;
  • hiông - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕyŋ³⁵/
Harbin /ɕyŋ²⁴/
Tianjin /ɕyŋ⁴⁵/
Jinan /ɕyŋ⁴²/
Qingdao /ɕiŋ⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ɕyuŋ⁴²/
Xi'an /ɕyŋ²⁴/
Xining /ɕyə̃²⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕyŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /ɕỹn⁵³/
Ürümqi /ɕyŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /ɕioŋ²¹³/
Chengdu /ɕyoŋ³¹/
Guiyang /ɕioŋ²¹/
Kunming /ɕiŋ³¹/
Nanjing /ɕioŋ²⁴/
Hefei /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəŋ¹¹/
Pingyao /ɕyŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ɕỹŋ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ɦioŋ²³/
Suzhou /ɦioŋ¹³/
Hangzhou /ɦioŋ²¹³/
Wenzhou /joŋ³¹/
Hui Shexian /ɕyʌ̃⁴⁴/
Tunxi /ɕin⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /ɕioŋ¹³/
Xiangtan /ɕin¹²/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuŋ⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iuŋ¹¹/
Taoyuan /ʒuŋ¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /hoŋ²¹/
Nanning /juŋ²¹/
Hong Kong /huŋ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ³⁵/
/him³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /hyŋ⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xœyŋ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /him⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /hiɔŋ³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (35)
Final () (2)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɦɨuŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɦiuŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɣiuŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɦuwŋ/
Li
Rong
/ɣiuŋ/
Wang
Li
/ɣĭuŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯uŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yóng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xióng
Middle
Chinese
‹ hjuwng ›
Old
Chinese
/*C.[ɢ]ʷ(r)əm/
English bear (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 13906
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɢʷlɯm/

Definitions[edit]

  1. bear (mammal)   (Classifier: m; )
  2. (colloquial) to scold
  3. to oppress, to tyrannise
  4. mean; malicious; merciless
  5. loutish; oafish
  6. A surname​: Xiong (mainland China), Hsiung (Taiwan), Hung (Hong Kong)

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. bear

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(kuma): a brown bear.
Kanji in this term
くま
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Probably cognate with (kuma, inside corner; inner bend; hollow or hole in something), perhaps from the way that bears often live in dens. Probably also cognate with Korean (gom, bear; hole).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

‎(hiragana くま, katakana クマ, romaji kuma)

  1. (zoology) a bear
  2. (slang) a bear, an otter: a hairy man, especially one who is gay

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クマ.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ung) (hangeul , revised ung, McCune-Reischauer ung, Yale wung)

  1. ( , gom ung): bear

Synonyms[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hùng)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.