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U+ACF0, 곰
HANGUL SYLLABLE GOM
Composition: + +

[U+ACEF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+ACF1]




계 ←→ 과

Korean[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ko̞(ː)m]
    • (file)
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, most speakers in both Koreas no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?gom
Revised Romanization (translit.)?gom
McCune–Reischauer?kom
Yale Romanization?kōm

Etymology 1[edit]

Korean Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ko
(gom, bear)

First attested in the Yongbi eocheonga (龍飛御天歌 / 용비어천가), 1447, as Middle Korean 곰〯 (Yale: kwǒm), from earlier *고마〮 (Yale: *kwòmá), which survived into Middle Korean in the place name 고마〮ᄂᆞᄅᆞ (Yale: Kwòmánòlò). Clearly cognate to Japanese (くま) (kuma, bear) and Baekje 金馬 (*kəma/*kuma, bear).

Beyond Koreanic and Japanese, perhaps a regional Wanderwort also related to Old Chinese (OC *ɢʷlɯm).

Noun[edit]

(gom)

  1. bear (animal)
    처럼 미련하다gomcheoreom miryeonhadato be stupid like a bear
  2. (figuratively, derogatory) a thick, dull fellow
    Synonym: 곰탱이 (gomtaeng'i)
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(go-, to simmer slowly) +‎ (-m, nominalizing suffix).

Noun[edit]

(gom)

  1. verbal noun of 고다 (goda, to simmer slowly)
  2. (rare) Short for 곰탕 (gomtang, slow-simmered beef soup).