穴熊

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Japanese[edit]

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穴熊 (anaguma): a badger.
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
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The anaguma or "bear in the hole" castle formation.
Kanji in this term
あな
Grade: 6
くま > ぐま
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of (ana, hole) +‎ (kuma, bear).[1][2] The kuma changes to guma as an instance of rendaku (連濁).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

穴熊 (hiragana あなぐま, rōmaji anaguma)

  1. a badger (mammal)
  2. (shogi) short for 穴熊囲い (anaguma kakoi): the “anaguma” or “bear in the hole” castle formation in shogi, wherein the king is located at the corner of the board and surrounded by other pieces of the same side

Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as アナグマ.

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, →ISBN