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U+5180, 冀
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5180

[U+517F]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5181]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 12, +14, 16 strokes, cangjie input 中心田廿金 (LPWTC), four-corner 11801, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 128, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1500
  • Dae Jaweon: page 289, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 253, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+5180

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
variant forms (second-round simplified)

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
冀-bronze.svg 冀-seal.svg 冀-bigseal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*krɯls
*krɯls
*krɯls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *krɯls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *lɯɡs).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (17)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kˠiɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/kᵚiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiH/
Li
Rong
/kjiH/
Wang
Li
/kiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kijH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k]rə[t]-s/ (dial. < *[k]rək-s ?)
English hope

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 5852
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*krɯls/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to look forward to; to hope for; to wish
  2. Alternative name for 河北 (Héběi, “Hebei Province”).

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiɪH).

Affix[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji ki)

  1. hope for, look forward to, wish

Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana , rōmaji Ki)

  1. (historical) Short for 冀州 (Kishū): Ji Province
  2. Synonym of 河北 (Kahoku): Hebei Province

Derived terms[edit]


Korean[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese (MC kˠiɪH).

Hanja[edit]

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 바랄 (baral gi))

  1. Hanja form? of (to hope; to wish).

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

()

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.