聞く

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
kun’yomi

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "聞く"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
聞く [kìkú]
Imperative (命令形) 聞け [kìké]
Key constructions
Passive 聞かれる かれる [kìkárérú]
Causative 聞かせる かせる [kìkásérú]
Potential 聞ける ける [kìkérú]
Volitional 聞こう [kìkóꜜò]
Negative 聞かない かない [kìkánáí]
Negative perfective 聞かなかった かなかった [kìkánáꜜkàttà]
Formal 聞きます きま [kìkímáꜜsù]
Perfective 聞いた いた [kìítá]
Conjunctive 聞いて いて [kìíté]
Hypothetical conditional 聞けば [kìkéꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

() (kiku) (transitive, godan conjugation, stem () (kiki), past ()いた (kiita))

Japanese verb pair
active 聞く
mediopassive 聞こえる
  1. to hear, to listen
    (わたし)どこかオオカミ()える()いた
    Watashi wa dokoka de ōkami ga hoeru no o kiita.
    I heard wolves howling somewhere.
    (わたし)その(きょく)ラジオ()いた
    Watashi wa sono kyoku o rajio de kiita.
    I listened to that song on the radio.
  2. to obey
    ()こと()かない
    iu koto o kikanai
    to be disobedient
    (literally, “to not listen to what is said”)
  3. to ask a question
    (みち)(まよ)った(かれ)(わたし)()いた
    Michi ni mayotta kare wa, watashi ni kiita.
    Since he was lost he asked me the way.
  4. to smell, sniff
    (こう)()
    Kō o kiku.
    Smell the incense.

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN