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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
柬-bronze.svg 柬-silk.svg 柬-bigseal.svg 柬-seal.svg

Ideogrammic compound (會意):  ‎(tie) +  ‎(individually)

Han character[edit]

(radical 75 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 木田火 (DWF), four-corner 50906)

  1. letter, invitation
  2. choose

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 520, character 19
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14655
  • Dae Jaweon: page 908, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1179, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+67EC

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (28)
Final: (73)
Tone: Rising (X)

Openness: Open
Division: II
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: jiǎn
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/kɣɛnX/ /kɯænX/ /kænX/ /kəɨnX/ /kɛnX/ /kænX/ /kănX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiǎn ‹ kɛnX › /*kˤr[a]nʔ/ select, distinguish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
6138 2 /*kreːnʔ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(gan) (hangeul , revised gan, McCune-Reischauer kan, Yale kan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(giản)

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