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See also: and
U+8806, 蠆
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8806

[U+8805]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8807]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +13, 19 strokes, cangjie input 廿田月戈 (TWBI), four-corner 44136, composition)

  1. a kind of scorpion
  2. a sting in the tail

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1099, character 24
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33694
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1563, character 25
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2889, character 20
  • Unihan data for U+8806

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.
variant forms
𧍣
𧓵

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
蠆-bronze.svg 蠆-seal.svg 蠆-bigseal.svg
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*m·raːds, *m·rads, *m·raːd
*m·raːds, *m·rads
*hmreːds, *r̥ʰaːd
*mraːds
*mraːds
*m̥ʰraːds
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
濿 *m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads
*m·rads, *mlans
*mlans

Etymology[edit]

From (OC *m·rads, “sharp”) with a nominalizing devoicing, a realization of a Sino-Tibetan prefix *s-, probably the one used in words for animals (Schuessler, 2007). Baxter and Sagart (2014) reconstruct it with an additional animal prefix *m-. It may also be connected to (OC *ʔl'ed, “to sting”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (10)
Final () (29)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰˠaiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰᵚaiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰaiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰaɨjsH/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰaiH/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰæiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰaiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chài
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chài
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhæjH ›
Old
Chinese
/*mə-r̥ˁa[t]-s/
English scorpion

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12620
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*m̥ʰraːds/

Definitions[edit]

  1. venomous creature; scorpion

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. scorpion

Readings[edit]

  • On (unclassified): たい (tai), たつ (tatsu), たち (tachi)

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nhất)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]