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U+8702, 蜂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8702

[U+8701]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8703]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 142, +7, 13 strokes, cangjie input 中戈竹水十 (LIHEJ), four-corner 57154, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 1084, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 33088
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1551, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2857, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+8702

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph origin[edit]

Simplified from . Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *boːŋ, *pʰoŋ): semantic (insect) + phonetic (OC *pʰoŋ, *boŋ, *ɡaːds) – a kind of insect.

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Tibetan བུང་བ (bung ba, bee) (Schuessler, 2007). STEDT lists as a Chinese comparandum under its Proto-Sino-Tibetan root *pljum (bee, wasp).

May be ultimately of onomatopoeic origin. Compare Proto-Mon-Khmer *ʔu(ə)ŋ ~ hu(ə)ŋ (bee, wasp, hornet), whence Vietnamese ong (bee).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • phang - vernacular;
  • hong - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (3) (2)
    Final () (1) (7)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () I III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /buŋ/ /pʰɨoŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /buŋ/ /pʰioŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /buŋ/ /pʰioŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /bəwŋ/ /pʰuawŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /buŋ/ /pʰioŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /buŋ/ /pʰĭwoŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱuŋ/ /pʰi̯woŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    péng fēng
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    pung4 fung1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    fēng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ phjowng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*pʰ(r)oŋ/
    English bee

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 3214 3226
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0 0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*boːŋ/ /*pʰoŋ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. Apoidea or Vespa (wasps, bees and hornets)
        ―  fēng  ―  bee; honeybee
      /   ―  huángfēng  ―  wasp
    2. (specifically) honey bee
        ―  fēng  ―  honey
    3. swarm

    Synonyms[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. bee, wasp, hornet

    Readings[edit]

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia
    (hachi): a bee collecting pollen.
    Kanji in this term
    はち
    Grade: S
    kun’yomi

    /pati//fati//fat͡ɕi//hat͡ɕi/

    From Old Japanese.[1] First cited to the Kojiki of 712 C.E..[1] Compare Korean (beol, bee, wasp, hornet).

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Noun[edit]

    (はち) (hachi

    1. [from 712] a bee, a wasp, a hornet or the like

    Derived terms[edit]

    References[edit]

    1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
    2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    3. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC pʰɨoŋ).

    Historical Readings
    Dongguk Jeongun Reading
    Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 포ᇰ (Yale: phwòng)
    Middle Korean
    Text Eumhun
    Gloss (hun) Reading
    Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[2] 벌〯 (Yale: pěl) 보ᇰ (Yale: pwòng)

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun (beol bong))

    1. Hanja form? of (bee). [affix]

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Việt readings: phong
    : Nôm readings: ong

    1. Nôm form of ong (honey).