蜘蛛

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Chinese[edit]

spider
simp. and trad.
(蜘蛛)
alternative forms 鼅鼄 obsolete
Wikipedia has an article on:

Etymology[edit]

Reduplication in Old Chinese (Baxter and Sagart, 1998).

This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (9) (9)
Final () (11) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiᴇ/ /ʈɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɛ/ /ʈio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjɛ/ /ȶio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiə̆/ /ʈuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȶie/ /ȶio/
Wang
Li
/ȶǐe/ /ȶĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶie̯/ /ȶi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zh- zhū
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī zhū
Middle
Chinese
‹ trje › ‹ trju ›
Old
Chinese
/*tre/ /*tro/
English *tre.tro spider *tre-tro spider

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11496 17564
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*te/ /*to/
Notes

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛

  1. spider

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (蜘蛛):

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
くも
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
jukujikun

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed in 759 CE.

Ultimate derivation unknown. Various theories exist, including:

  • From 籠もる (komoru, to hide inside something), from the way that spiders hide in their webs
  • From 組む (kumu, to bundle something together), from the way that spiders wrap up caught insects
  • From (kumo, cloud), from the way that spider webs may look vaguely like clouds

May ultimately be cognate with Korean 거미 (geomi, spider). The kanji are an orthographic borrowing from Chinese 蜘蛛.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛(くも) (kumo

  1. spider
    • 芥川龍之介, 蜘蛛の糸
      ()(しゃ)()(さま)()(ごく)(よう)()()(らん)になりながら、この(かん)()()には蜘蛛(クモ)(たす)けた(こと)があるのを()(おも)()しになりました。
      O-shaka-sama wa jigoku no yōsu o goran ni narinagara, kono Kandata ni wa kumo o tasuketa koto ga aru no o o-omoidashi ni narimashita.
      While observing the state of Hell, Shakyamuni recalled that this Kandata had once spared a spider.
    • 1999 March 27, “蜘蛛(クモ)(おとこ) [Werespider]”, in Vol.2, Konami:
      (きょ)(だい)クモ()()をつけた姿(すがた)(いと)()(うご)きを(ふう)()める。
      Kyodai kumo ga chie o tsuketa sugata. Ito o haki ugoki o fūjikomeru.
      This giant spider appears to be quite intelligent. It will lock your every movement with its threads.
    • 1999 July 22, “ハンター・スパイダー [Hunter Spider]”, in Vol.4, Konami:
      クモ()(わな)()()()りをする。(わな)にかかったものは()べてしまう。
      Kumo no su no wana o shikakekari o suru. Wana ni kakatta mono wa tabete shimau.
      It hunts by laying its spiderweb traps, and it eats whatever gets tangled in them.
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana, especially in biological contexts, as クモ.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛(こっ) (ko'

  1. (dialect, Kagoshima) spider

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛(こぶ) (kobu

  1. (dialect, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Saga) spider
  2. (dialect, Tanegashima) large spider

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). Compare modern Hakka reading tî-tû, Min Dong tĭ-tṳ̆, Min Nan ti-tu. Probably borrowed at a different time or from a different dialect than chichu below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛(ちちゅう) (chichū

  1. spider
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). Compare modern Hakka reading tî-tû, Min Dong tĭ-tṳ̆, Min Nan ti-tu. Probably borrowed at a different time or from a different dialect than chichū above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛(ちちゅ) (chichu

  1. spider

Etymology 6[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
しゅ
Hyōgaiji
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). This reading is the kan'yōyomi, and is thus a later phonetic shift after borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛(ちしゅ) (chishu

  1. spider
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • こっ【蜘蛛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • こぶ【蜘蛛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • こぶ【蜘蛛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (jiju) (hangeul 지주)

  1. Hanja form? of 지주 (spider).

Okinawan[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana くーばー, rōmaji kūbā)

  1. spider

References[edit]

  • くーばー【蜘蛛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.
  • クーバー” in Okinawa Center of Language Study, Shuri-Naha Dialect Dictionary.

Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana こぶ, rōmaji kobu)

  1. spider

References[edit]

  • こぶ【蜘蛛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this term

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛

  1. Hán tự form of tri chu.

Yonaguni[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana くぶ, rōmaji kubu)

  1. spider

References[edit]

  • くぶ【蜘蛛】” in JLect - Japonic Languages and Dialects Database Dictionary, 2019.