蜘蛛

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Chinese[edit]

spider spider
simp. and trad.
(蜘蛛)
alt. forms 鼅鼄 obsolete
Wikipedia has an article on:
蜘蛛

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (9) (9)
Final () (11) (24)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈiᴇ/ /ʈɨo/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiɛ/ /ʈio/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶjɛ/ /ȶio/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈiə̆/ /ʈuə̆/
Li
Rong
/ȶie/ /ȶio/
Wang
Li
/ȶǐe/ /ȶĭu/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶie̯/ /ȶi̯u/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zh- zhū
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhī zhū
Middle
Chinese
‹ trje › ‹ trju ›
Old
Chinese
/*tre/ /*tro/
English *tre.tro spider *tre-tro spider

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
No. 11496 17564
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*te/ /*to/
Notes

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛

  1. spider

Synonyms[edit]

Dialectal synonyms of 蜘蛛 (“spider”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 蜘蛛鼄蝥 QJ蠾蝓 ZW蝳蜍 NY社公 Q
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蜘蛛
Taxonomic name 蜘蛛
Mandarin Beijing 蛛蛛
Taiwan 蜘蛛
Jinan 阿郎蛛子
Xi'an 蛛蛛
Wuhan 蜘蛛
Chengdu 蜘蛛
Yangzhou 蜘蛛
Hefei 蜘蛛
Cantonese Guangzhou 蠄蟧
Hong Kong 蠄蟧蜘蛛
Taishan 蠄蟧
Yangjiang 蠄蟧
Gan Nanchang 蝃蛛蝃蛛子
Hakka Meixian 蝲䗁
Xingning 蝲䗁
Huidong 蝲䗁
Qujiang 蝲䗁
Xiaosanjiang 蝲䗁
Changting 蝲䗁
Pingyu 蝲䗁
Wuping 蝲䗁
Liancheng 奇肖
Ninghua 奇肖子
Yudu 斜佬
Ruijin 斜佬
Shicheng 奇肖
Shangyou 蝲䗁
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Hsinchu (Hailu) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Dongshi (Dabu) 蜘蛛蝲䗁
Zhuolan (Raoping) 蝲䗁蜘蛛
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 蜘蛛蝲䗁
Jin Taiyuan 蛛蛛
Min Bei Jian'ou 吊蜘
Min Dong Fuzhou 蜘蛛
Min Nan Xiamen 蜘蛛
Quanzhou 蜘蛛
Zhangzhou 蜘蛛
Taipei 蜘蛛
Kaohsiung 蜘蛛
Tainan 蜘蛛
Lukang 蜘蛛
Yilan 蜘蛛
Kinmen 蜘蛛
Magong 經蛛
Philippines (Manila) 蜘蛛
Chaozhou 蜘蛛
Wu Shanghai 蜘蛛結蜘
Suzhou 結蜘
Wenzhou 絲網蜘蛛
Xiang Changsha 蜘蛛蜘蛛子
Note QJ - between ancient Qin and Jin
ZW - in the vicinity of ancient Zhao and Wei
NY - between Northern Yan, Korea and Lieshui
Q - ancient Qi

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (蜘蛛):
  • Japanese: 蜘蛛 (ちちゅう) (chichū); 蜘蛛 (ちしゅ) (chishu); 蜘蛛 (ちちゅ) (chichu)
  • Korean: 지주 (蜘蛛, jiju)
  • Vietnamese: tri chu (蜘蛛)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Hyōgaiji
Irregular

From Old Japanese. Found in the Man'yōshū, completed in 759 CE.

Ultimate derivation unknown. Various theories exist, including:

  • From 籠もる (komoru, to hide inside something), from the way that spiders hide in their webs
  • From 組む (kumu, to bundle something together), from the way that spiders wrap up caught insects
  • From (kumo, cloud), from the way that spider webs may look vaguely like clouds

May ultimately be cognate with Korean 거미 (geomi, spider). The kanji are jukujikun (熟字訓), from Chinese 蜘蛛.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana くも, katakana クモ, rōmaji kumo)

  1. spider
    • 芥川龍之介, 蜘蛛の糸
       () (しゃ) () (さま) () (ごく) (よう) () () (らん)になりながら、この (かん) () ()には蜘蛛 (クモ) (たす)けた (こと)があるのを () (おも) ()しになりました。
      O-shaka-sama wa jigoku no yōsu o goran ni narinagara, kono Kandata ni wa kumo o tasuketa koto ga aru no o o-omoidashi ni narimashita.
      While observing the state of Hell, Shakyamuni recalled that this Kandata had once spared a spider.
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as クモ.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅう
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). Compare modern Hakka reading tî-tû, Min Dong tĭ-tṳ̆, Min Nan ti-tu. Probably borrowed at a different time or from a different dialect than chichu below.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana ちちゅう, rōmaji chichū)

  1. spider
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ちゅ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). Compare modern Hakka reading tî-tû, Min Dong tĭ-tṳ̆, Min Nan ti-tu. Probably borrowed at a different time or from a different dialect than chichū above.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana ちちゅ, rōmaji chichu)

  1. spider

Etymology 4[edit]

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
しゅ
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese 蜘蛛 (ʈiᴇ ʈɨo). This reading is the kan'yōyomi, and is thus a later phonetic shift after borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana ちしゅ, rōmaji chishu)

  1. spider
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this term

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (jiju) (hangeul 지주)

  1. Hanja form? of 지주, “spider”.

Okinawan[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana くーばー, romaji kūbā)

  1. spider

Southern Amami-Oshima[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana こぶ, romaji kobu)

  1. spider

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛

  1. Hán tự form of tri chu, “spider

Yonaguni[edit]

Noun[edit]

蜘蛛 (hiragana くぶ, romaji kubu)

  1. spider