Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
U+C300, 쌀
HANGUL SYLLABLE SSAL
Composition: + +
Dubeolsik input:T-k-f

[U+C2FF]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C301]

Korean[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]





시 ←→ 쌔

Syllable[edit]

(ssal)

  1. A Hangul syllabic block made up of , , and .

Etymology 2[edit]

First attested in the Jīlín lèishì (鷄林類事 / 계림유사), 1103, as Middle Korean 菩薩.

First attested in the Worin seokbo (月印釋譜 / 월인석보), 1459, as Middle Korean ᄡᆞᆯ (Yale: psol). The Middle Korean p- is still preserved in many compounds where is the second element, such as 멥쌀 (mepssal) and 찹쌀 (chapssal).

Alexander Vovin argues in a 2015 work that this term could be a Japonic loan, connecting it with Japanese 早稲 (wase, early-ripening rice), with two assumptions:[1]

  • That the initial p- came from a phonological inability to render initial Japonic w-.
  • That the final consonant was originally present in early Japonic but had been eliminated in the insular languages.

Meanwhile, James Marshall Unger presents a case in a 2000 paper[2] that explains a possible derivation for Japanese terms like 早稲 (wase) that have alternating apophonic forms (standalone wase and compounding form wasa-), suggesting instead that these may be cognates with Koreanic terms.

Pronunciation[edit]

Revised Romanization? ssal
Revised Romanization (translit.)? ssal
McCune–Reischauer? ssal
Yale Romanization? ssal

South Gyeongsang (Busan) pitch accent: / 에 /

Syllables in red take high pitch. This word always takes high pitch and also heightens the next suffixed syllable, unless it is 에.

Noun[edit]

(ssal)

  1. rice
  2. white hulled grains of barley, wheat, etc.
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Related terms[edit]
See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vovin, Alexander (2015) , “On The Etymology of Middle Korean psʌr 'rice'”, in Türk Dilleri Araştırmaları[1], issue 25.2, pages 229-238
  2. ^ Unger, J. Marshall (2000) , “Reconciling Comparative and Internal Reconstruction: The Case of Old Japanese /ti ri ni/”, in Language[2], issue 76.3, page 655–681