菩薩

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See also: 菩萨

Chinese[edit]

Bodhisattva (surname); Bodhisattva
trad. (菩薩)
simp. (菩萨)
Chinese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia zh

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of (duǒ), from Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhisattva) or Pali bodhisatta.

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

菩薩

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (figuratively) kind-hearted person

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さつ
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese, originally as abbreviation of full term 菩提薩埵, itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, enlightened existence).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, rōmaji bosatsu)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Japan, a title granted by the imperial court to notably virtuous high-ranking monks
  3. (archaic) a title applied to native Shinto gods, after the spread of 本地垂迹 (honji suijaku, theological position prevalent until the Meiji period, explaining that Indian Buddhist deities choose to appear in Japan as native kami)
  4. alternate name for (kome, rice)
  5. by extension of the rice meaning, a maidservant who cooks rice

External links[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, rōmaji Bosatsu)

  1. the title of a piece of 雅楽 (gagaku, ancient court music), categorized as 唐楽 (tōgaku, literally “Tang music”, a style of gagaku)