菩薩

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See also: 菩萨

Chinese[edit]

phonetic
trad. (菩薩)
simp. (菩萨)
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菩薩

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of 菩提薩埵 (MC buo dei sɑt̚ tuɑX), from Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhisattva, enlightened existence) or Pali bodhisatta.

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 1/1
Initial () (3) (16)
Final () (23) (63)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buo/ /sɑt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/buo/ /sɑt̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/bo/ /sɑt̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔ/ /sat̚/
Li
Rong
/bo/ /sɑt̚/
Wang
Li
/bu/ /sɑt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuo/ /sɑt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
sa

Noun[edit]

菩薩

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (figuratively, sometimes ironic) kind-hearted person; kind and charitable person

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (菩薩):

Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さち
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese 菩薩 (MC buo sɑt̚), abbreviation of full term 菩提薩埵 (MC buo dei sɑt̚ tuɑX), itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व (bodhi-sattva, enlightened existence).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさち, rōmaji bosachi)

  1. (Buddhism, obsolete) bodhisattva

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さつ
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

/bosati//bosatu//bosat͡sɨ/

An 音便 (onbin, euphonic sound change) from bosachi above, utilizing the kan'on reading of satsu in . (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) Now the modern spelling for bodhisattva.

In some Buddhist texts, the final -tsu is usually dropped, forming only bosa.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Irregular reading)

Noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, rōmaji bosatsu, alternative reading ぼさ, rōmaji bosa)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Japan, a title granted by the imperial court to notably virtuous high-ranking monks
  3. (archaic) a title applied to native Shinto gods, after the spread of 本地垂迹 (honji suijaku, theological position prevalent until the Meiji period, explaining that Indian Buddhist deities choose to appear in Japan as native kami)
  4. alternate name for (kome, rice)
  5. by extension of the rice meaning, a maidservant who cooks rice
Further reading[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

菩薩 (hiragana ぼさつ, rōmaji Bosatsu)

  1. the title of a piece of 雅楽 (gagaku, ancient court music), categorized as 唐楽 (tōgaku, literally “Tang music”, a style of gagaku)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9