菩薩

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Chinese[edit]

Bodhisattva (surname); Bodhisattva
trad. (菩薩)
simp. (菩萨)

Etymology[edit]

Abbreviation of (duǒ)

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

菩薩

  1. bodhisattva
  2. kind-hearted person

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
さつ
Jinmeiyō
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese, originally as abbreviation of full term 菩提薩埵, itself a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधिसत्त्व ‎(bodhi-sattva, enlightened existence).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

菩薩 ‎(hiragana ぼさつ, romaji bosatsu)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhisattva
  2. (obsolete) in ancient Japan, a title granted by the imperial court to notably virtuous high-ranking monks
  3. (archaic) a title applied to native Shinto gods, after the spread of 本地垂迹 ‎(honji suijaku, theological position prevalent until the Meiji period, explaining that Indian Buddhist deities choose to appear in Japan as native kami)
  4. alternate name for ‎(kome, rice)
  5. by extension of the rice meaning, a maidservant who cooks rice

External links[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

菩薩 ‎(hiragana ぼさつ, romaji Bosatsu)

  1. the title of a piece of 雅楽 ‎(gagaku, ancient court music), categorized as 唐楽 ‎(tōgaku, literally “Tang music”, a style of gagaku)