菩提

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Chinese[edit]

phonetic
simp. and trad.
(菩提)

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Sanskrit बोधि (bodhi).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/2
Initial () (3) (7)
Final () (23) (39)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/buo/ /dei/
Pan
Wuyun
/buo/ /dei/
Shao
Rongfen
/bo/ /dɛi/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/bɔ/ /dɛj/
Li
Rong
/bo/ /dei/
Wang
Li
/bu/ /diei/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱuo/ /dʱiei/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex

Noun[edit]

菩提

  1. (Buddhism) bodhi, the state of enlightenment that finally ends the cycle of death and rebirth and leads to nirvana
  2. Short for 菩提樹菩提树 (pútíshù, “bodhi tree”).
  3. Short for 菩提子 (pútízǐ, “bodhi seeds; bodhi beads”).

Derived terms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term

Jinmeiyō
だい
Grade: 5
kan’yōon goon

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Chinese 菩提 (MC buo dei), a transliteration of Sanskrit बोधि (bodhi), [1][2][3][4][5] or Pali bodhi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

菩提 (hiragana ぼだい, rōmaji bodai)

  1. (Buddhism) bodhi:
    1. supreme enlightenment or wisdom
    2. reaching nirvana
    3. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
    4. (by extension) a Buddhist doctrine
      Synonym: 仏道 (Butsudō)

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

菩提 (hiragana ぼだい, rōmaji Bodai)

  1. a placename
  2. a surname

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 菩提”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, →ISBN
  3. ^ 菩提”, in 世界大百科事典 第2版 (Sekai Dai-hyakka Jiten Dainiban, Heibonsha World Encyclopedia Second Edition)[2] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Heibonsha, 1998
  4. 4.0 4.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  5. ^ 菩提”, in ブリタニカ国際大百科事典 小項目事典 (Buritanika Kokusai Dai Hyakka Jiten: Shō Kōmoku Jiten, Encyclopædia Britannica International: Micropædia)[3] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Britannica Japan Co., Ltd., 2014
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN