アメリカ

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Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from English America,[1][2][3][4][5] from Latin America (feminine form of Americus), Latinized form of the given name of Amerigo Vespucci (1451-1512), an Italian explorer.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

アメリカ ‎(romaji Amerika)

  1. America (as in North or South America)
    Generally not used in isolation in this sense, due to ambiguity.
     (みなみ)アメリカ (きた)アメリカ (ちゅう) (おう)アメリカ
    Minami Amerika, Kita Amerika, Chūō Amerika
    South America, North America, Central America
    アメリカ (しゅう)
    Amerika-shū
    America; the Americas
  2. America (United States of America)
    • 1999 September 16, Motohiro Katou, “ヤコブのたいだん [Jacob's Ladder]”, in Q.E.D. しょうめいしゅうりょう [Q.E.D. Quod Erat Demonstrandum], volume 4 (fiction, in Japanese), Tokyo: Kodansha, ISBN 4-06-333696-4, page 90:
      その (たび)アメリカ ()てって (ばく) (だん) ()とせってのか?
      Sono tabi ni Amerika ga dete tte bakudan otose tte no ka?
      You think America should butt in and go drop some bombs every time?
       ()たり (まえ)さ‼ それが〝 () (かい) (けい) (さつ)〞たるアメリカ (やく) ()だろ‼
      Atarimae sa‼ Sore ga 〝sekai no keisatsu〞 taru Amerika no yakume daro‼
      Well, duh‼ America is the "world police" after all‼

Usage notes[edit]

Kanji forms include 亜米利加 and 亜墨利加. These are ateji that were applied historically, and these spellings are seldom used in modern Japanese. However, the abbreviation (Bei) is used quite frequently.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0
  3. ^ 1998, 広辞苑 (Kōjien), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Iwanami Shoten, ISBN 4000801112
  4. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  5. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  6. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3