bison

From Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: Bison

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
American bison (Bison bison)
European bison (Bison bonasus)

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English bysontes, bysountes pl, from Middle French bison, from Latin bisōn, bisōnt- (wild ox). The Latin term is recorded in the 1st century, likely a direct loan from Proto-Germanic *wisundaz (wild ox, aurochs) (see for full etymology). Akin to Old High German wisunt (bison), German Wisent (bison), Old English wesend, wusend (bison, buffalo, wild ox), Middle Dutch wēsent (wild ox). Doublet of wisent.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bison (plural bison or (chiefly dated) bisons or (rare) bisontes)

  1. A large, wild bovid of the genus Bison.

Coordinate terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 bison”, in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Springfield, Mass.: Merriam-Webster, 1996–present.
  2. 2.0 2.1 bison”, in Dictionary.com Unabridged, Dictionary.com, LLC, 1995–present.
  3. 3.0 3.1 bison”, in Collins English Dictionary.
  4. ^ bison”, in Lexico, Dictionary.com; Oxford University Press, 2019–2022.

Anagrams[edit]

French[edit]

French Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fr
bison

Etymology[edit]

1307, from Latin bison.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bison m (plural bisons, feminine bisonne)

  1. buffalo (North American bison)
  2. wisent (European bison)

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Russian: бизо́н (bizón) (see there for further descendants)

Further reading[edit]

Indonesian[edit]

Indonesian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia id

Etymology[edit]

From English bison, from Middle English bisontes (plural), from Old French bison, from Latin bisōn, bisōnt- (wild ox), from Proto-Germanic *wisundaz (wild ox, aurochs), from Proto-Indo-European *wisAn- (aurochs, aurochs horn), from Proto-Indo-European *weys- (to flow, melt).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈbisɔn]
  • Hyphenation: bi‧son

Noun[edit]

bison (first-person possessive bisonku, second-person possessive bisonmu, third-person possessive bisonnya)

  1. bison: a large, wild bovid of the genus Bison.

Further reading[edit]

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

1st century; together with Ancient Greek βίσων (bísōn) (2nd century; cf. modern Greek βίσονας (vísonas)) borrowed from Proto-Germanic *wisundaz (bison, wisent).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bisōn m (genitive bisōntis); third declension

  1. bison (Bison bonasus)

Declension[edit]

Third-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative bisōn bisōntēs
Genitive bisōntis bisōntum
Dative bisōntī bisōntibus
Accusative bisōntem bisōntēs
Ablative bisōnte bisōntibus
Vocative bisōn bisōntēs

Further reading[edit]

  • bison”, in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • bison in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré latin-français, Hachette

Norman[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle French bison, from Latin bisōn, bisōnt- (wild ox), from Proto-Germanic *wisundaz (wild ox, aurochs).

Noun[edit]

bison f (plural bisons)

  1. (Jersey) bison