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From Proto-Vietic *kəːm (“cooked rice”); cognate with Arem /kʌːm/. According to Ferlus (2010), a loan from Old Chinese 泔 () (SV: *kaːmcam) "water from washing rice; kitchen slops; rice soup (Hokkien)".
- ^ Ferlus, Michel. “The Austroasiatic Vocabulary for Rice: its Origin and Expansion.” Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society 3.2 (2010), 61-76.