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See also: and
U+58D3, 壓
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-58D3

[U+58D2]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+58D4]

Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 32, +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一大土 (MKG), four-corner 71214, composition(GHT) or ⿱(JKV))

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 241, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5557
  • Dae Jaweon: page 480, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 495, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+58D3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qem, *qems
*qem
*qem, *qems
*qem, *qems, *qeb
*qemʔ, *qems, *qeb
*qemʔ
檿 *qemʔ
*qemʔ, *qeb
*qemʔ
*qemʔ, *qeb
*qreːb
*qeb

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qreːb): phonetic  (OC *qemʔ, *qems, *qeb) + semantic  (dust).

Pronunciation[edit]


Note: yà - only used in 壓根 (Mainland standard).
Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.
Note:
  • dáh - vernacular;
  • ák - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • ah - vernacular;
    • ap - literary;
    • teh - vernacular (俗).
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (34)
    Final () (150)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () II
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠap̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚap̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔap̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔaɨp̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔap̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ap̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔap̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    ya
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔæp ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ʔˤrep/
    English press down

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 14430
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qreːb/

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to press down on; to compress; to crush
    2. to oppress; to tyrannise
    3. (physics) pressure

    Compounds[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    (ap) (hangeul , revised ap, McCune–Reischauer ap)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    (áp, ếm)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.