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Translingual[edit]

Traditional
Shinjitai
Simplified

Han character[edit]

(radical 32 +14, 17 strokes, cangjie input 一大土 (MKG), four-corner 71214, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 241, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5557
  • Dae Jaweon: page 480, character 33
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 495, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+58D3

Chinese[edit]

trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *qreːb): phonetic  ‎(OC *qemʔ, *qems, *qeb) + semantic  ‎(dust).

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (34)
Final () (150)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔˠap̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔᵚap̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔap̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔaɨp̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔap̚/
Wang
Li
/ap̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔap̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ya
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔæp ›
Old
Chinese
/*ʔˤrep/
English press down

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14430
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qreːb/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to press down on; to compress; to crush
  2. to oppress; to tyrannise
  3. (physics) pressure

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(ap) (hangeul , revised ap, McCune-Reischauer ap)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(áp, ếm)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.