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See also:
U+634F, 捏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-634F

[U+634E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6350]

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 手日土 (QAG) or 手竹X土 (QHXG) or 手竹X一 (QHXM), four-corner 56014, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 434, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12149
  • Dae Jaweon: page 783, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 1881, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+634F

Chinese[edit]

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *niːɡ): semantic (hand) + abbreviated phonetic (OC *niːɡ).

Etymology 1[edit]

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Note:
  • lia̍t - literary;
  • ni̍h - vernacular;
  • liap/lia̍p - vernacular (俗).
Note:
  • niab4 - literary;
  • noih4/nuêh4 - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /niɛ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /niɛ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /nie²¹/
    Jinan /ȵiə²¹³/
    Qingdao /niə⁴²/
    /niə²¹³/ 量詞
    Zhengzhou /niɛ²⁴/
    Xi'an /niɛ²¹/
    Xining /ȵi⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /nie¹³/
    Lanzhou /ȵiə¹³/
    Ürümqi /ȵiɤ²¹³/
    Wuhan /nie²¹³/
    Chengdu /ȵie⁵⁵/
    /ȵie³¹/
    Guiyang /nie²¹/
    Kunming /niɛ³¹/
    Nanjing /lieʔ⁵/
    Hefei /liɐʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /niəʔ²/
    Pingyao /ȵiʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /niaʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /ȵiaʔ¹/
    Suzhou /ȵiaʔ³/
    Hangzhou /ȵiəʔ²/
    Wenzhou /ȵa²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /neʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /ȵia⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ȵie²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ȵie²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /ȵiɛʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /ŋiap̚⁵/
    Taoyuan
    Cantonese Guangzhou /nip̚²/
    Nanning /nit̚²²/
    Hong Kong /nip̚²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liap̚⁵/
    /liap̚³²/ ~造
    /niʔ⁵/ ~死
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /niɛʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /niɛ²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /miap̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /nit̚⁵/
    /ʔdɛ³³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (87)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /net̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /net̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɛt̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /nɛt̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /net̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /niet̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /niet̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    niè
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    nit6
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 10842
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*niːɡ/
    Notes

    Definitions[edit]

    1. to pick with fingers; to pinch
    2. to clench; to hold in the hand; to grip
    3. to knead
    4. to mold; to bring together
    5. to concoct; to fabricate; to make up
    Synonyms[edit]
    • (to pinch): (Teochew) (zùn), (Hokkien) (niǎn)
    • (to clench): ()
    • (to concoct):
    edit

    Compounds[edit]

    Etymology 2[edit]

    simp. and trad.
    alternative forms

    Pronunciation[edit]


    Definitions[edit]

    1. (Hokkien, Teochew) to grasp tightly; to squeeze
      頷頸 / 颔颈 [Taiwanese Hokkien]  ―  tēⁿ ām-kún [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to hold someone by the neck
      齒膏 / 齿膏 [Taiwanese Hokkien]  ―  tēⁿ khí-ko [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to squeeze out toothpaste
    2. (Hokkien, Teochew) to pinch
      鼻仔 [Taiwanese Hokkien]  ―  tēⁿ phīⁿ-á [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to pinch one's nose
    3. (Malaysia and Singapore Hokkien) to press
      / [Hokkien]  ―  tēⁿ cheng [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  to press the bell
    Synonyms[edit]
    See also[edit]

    References[edit]


    Japanese[edit]

    Kanji[edit]

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. knead; mix

    Readings[edit]


    Korean[edit]

    Etymology[edit]

    From Middle Chinese (MC net̚).

    Historical readings

    Pronunciation[edit]

    Hanja[edit]

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 꾸밀 (kkumil nal))

    1. Hanja form? of (knead).

    Compounds[edit]

    References[edit]

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

    Vietnamese[edit]

    Han character[edit]

    : Hán Nôm readings: nát, nạt, nhét, niết

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.