ἔθνος

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: έθνος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE word
*swé

From Ancient Greek ἔθω (éthō, I am accustomed, wont (to something)), equivalent to Proto-Indo-European *swedʰ-no-, expanded from the reflexive pronoun Proto-Indo-European *swé (self).

Pronunciation[edit]

 
  • (5th BCE Attic) IPA(key): /é.tʰnos/
  • (1st CE Egyptian) IPA(key): /ˈɛ.tʰnos/
  • (4th CE Koine) IPA(key): /ˈe.θnos/
  • (10th CE Byzantine) IPA(key): /ˈe.θnos/
  • (15th CE Constantinopolitan) IPA(key): /ˈe.θnos/
  • Noun[edit]

    ἔθνος (éthnosn (genitive ἔθνεος or ἔθνους); third declension

    1. group of people: tribe, family
    2. group of animals: flock, herd
    3. country, nation
    4. (later, in the plural) foreign nations, barbarians
    5. (Jewish and Christian usage, in the plural) gentiles, heathen
    6. class, caste

    Inflection[edit]

    Derived terms[edit]

    Descendants[edit]

    from the spoken alternative form ἕθνος (héthnos):

    Further reading[edit]