ἔθνος

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See also: έθνος

Ancient Greek[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek ἔθω ‎(éthō), equivalent to Proto-Indo-European *swedʰ-no-, expanded from the reflexive pronoun Proto-Indo-European *swe- ‎(self).

Pronunciation[edit]

 

Noun[edit]

ἔθνος ‎(éthnosn ‎(genitive ἔθνεος or ἔθνους); third declension

  1. group of people: tribe, family
  2. group of animals: flock, herd
  3. country, nation
  4. (later, in the plural) foreign nations, barbarians
  5. (Jewish and Christian usage, in the plural) gentiles, heathen
  6. class, caste

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

from the spoken alternative form ἕθνος ‎(héthnos):

References[edit]

  • Beekes, Robert S. P. (2010) Etymological Dictionary of Greek (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 10), volume I, with the assistance of Lucien van Beek, Leiden, Boston: Brill, pages 377–378