عرف

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See also: غرف‎, عرق‎, غرق‎, ع ر ف‎, ع ر ق, and غ ر ق

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ع ر ف(ʿ-r-f).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʕa.ra.fa/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

عَرَفَ (ʿarafa) I, non-past يَعْرِفُ‎‎ (yaʿrifu) (transitive)

  1. to be familiar with (a person, a place, a piece of news or information, and so on); to know
    هَلْ تَعْرِفُهَا؟‎‎
    hal taʿrifuhā?
    Do you know her?
    أَعْرِفُ أَنَّهَا دَرَسَتِ الْحُقُوقَ.‎‎
    ʾaʿrifu ʾannahā darasati l-ḥuqūqa.
    I know that she studied law.
    Synonym: خَبُرَ(ḵabura)
    Coordinate terms: عَلِمَ(ʿalima), دَرَى(darā)
    Antonyms: أَنْكَرَ(ʾankara), جَهِلَ(jahila)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 12:58:
      وَجَاءَ إِخْوَةُ يُوسُفَ فَدَخَلُوا عَلَيْهِ فَعَرَفَهُمْ وَهُمْ لَهُ مُنْكِرُونَ
      wajāʾa ʾiḵwatu yūsufa fadaḵalū ʿalayhi faʿarafahum wahum lahu munkirūna
      Then Joseph's brothers came in, and he knew them, while they did not recall him.
  2. to be familiar with (a skill or profession); to be experienced in; to be proficient at or in; can
    هُوَ عَارِفٌ بِالْيَابَانِيَّةِ
    huwa ʿārifun bi-l-yābāniyyati
    He is proficient in Japanese.
    أَعْرِفُ الْعَزْفَ وَالْغِنَاءَ.‎‎
    ʾaʿrifu l-ʿazfa wālḡināʾa.
    I know how to sing and play music.
    هُمْ لَا يَعْرِفُونَ السِّبَاحَةَ.‎‎
    hum lā yaʿrifūna s-sibāḥata.
    They cannot swim.
    Synonym: أَجَادَ(ʾajāda, to excel at)
  3. to recognise (a person, a place, and so on); to identify; to recall
    .أَرَيْتُهَا صُورَتَهُ فَلَمْ تَعْرِفْهُ
    .ʾaraytuhā ṣūratahu falam taʿrifhu
    I showed her his picture, but she could not recognize him.
    Synonym: تَذَكَّرَ(taḏakkara, to remember)
  4. to to become aware of; to find out
    فَعَرَفْتُ أَنَّهُ كاذِبٌ.‎‎
    faʿaraftu ʾannahu kāḏibun.
    That is when I knew he was lying.
    Synonym: أَدْرَكَ(ʾadraka)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عَرَّفَ (ʿarrafa) II, non-past يُعَرِّفُ‎‎ (yuʿarrifu)

  1. (transitive) to define
  2. (ditransitive) to tell about, to inform of, to make aware of; to acquaint with
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عُرْف (ʿurfm (plural أَعْرَاف(ʾaʿrāf)) (countable)

  1. a practice that is widely known somewhere or in some group; a convention; custom; a tradition
    Synonym: سُنَّة(sunna, a characteristic practice, especially one that is popularized or enforced)
  2. the crest or comb of a rooster, a cockscomb
    1. any tuftlike protuberance; an outgrowth
      Synonym: نُتُوء(nutūʾ, a protrusion; a projection; a protuberance)
    2. (uncommon) the forelock of a horse

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

عَرْف (ʿarfm

  1. scent, aroma

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “عرف”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Mace, John (2007) , “عرف”, in Arabic Verbs, New York: Hippocrene Books, Inc., →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic عَرَفَ(ʿarafa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

عرف (ʕirif) (perfect, imperfect يعرف(yiʕraf), Verb form I)

  1. to know

Conjugation[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Root
ع ر ف

From Arabic عَرَفَ(ʿarafa).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عرف (ʕraf) (form I, non-past يعرف(yiʕraf))

  1. to know

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of عرف
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عرفت(ʕraft) عرفتي(ʕrafti) عرف (ʕraf) عرفنا(ʕrafna) عرفتوا(ʕraftu) عرفوا(ʕarfu)
f عرفت(ʕarfāt)
non-past m نعرف(naʕraf) تعرف(taʕraf) يعرف(yiʕraf) نعرفوا(nʕarfu) تعرفوا(tʕarfu) يعرفوا(yʕarfu)
f تعرفي(tʕarfi) تعرف(taʕraf)
imperative m عرف (ʕraf) عرفوا(ʕarfu)
f عرفي(ʕarfi)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ع ر ف

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic عَرَفَ(ʿarafa)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عرف (ʕirif) (form I, present بعرف(biʕrif), subjunctive يعرف(yiʕrif))

  1. to know
Usage notes[edit]
  • Like عمل(ʕimel), non-past forms may use “a” as the core vowel and in the prefix, so forms like بِعْرَف(beʕraf) and بْيَعْرِف(byaʕref) are possible as well.
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of عرف
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عرفت(ʕrift) عرفت(ʕrift) عرف (ʕirif) عرفنا(ʕrifna) عرفتو(ʕriftu) عرفو(ʕirfu)
f عرفتي(ʕrifti) عرفت(ʕirfat)
present m بعرف(baʕrif) بتعرف(btiʕrif) بعرف(biʕrif) منعرف(mniʕrif) بتعرفو(btiʕrifu) بعرفو(biʕrifu)
f بتعرفي(btiʕrifi) بتعرف(btiʕrif)
subjunctive m أعرف(ʔaʕrif) تعرف(tiʕrif) يعرف(yiʕrif) نعرف(niʕrif) تعرفو(tiʕrifu) يعرفو(yiʕrifu)
f تعرفي(tiʕrifi) تعرف(tiʕrif)
imperative m اعرف(iʕrif) اعرفو(iʕrifu)
f اعرفي(iʕrifi)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic عَرَّفَ(ʿarrafa)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

عرّف (ʕarraf) (form II, present بعرّف(biʕarref), subjunctive يعرّف(yʕarref))

  1. to inform, to let know, to draw attention to
  2. to introduce (someone)
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of عرف
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m عرّفت(ʕarraft) عرّفت(ʕarraft) عرّف (ʕarraf) عرّفنا(ʕarrafna) عرّفتو(ʕarraftu) عرّفو(ʕarrafu)
f عرّفتي(ʕarrafti) عرّفت(ʕarrafat)
present m بعرّف(baʕarref) بتعرّف(bitʕarref) بعرّف(biʕarref) منعرّف(minʕarref) بتعرّفو(bitʕarrfu) بعرّفو(biʕarrfu)
f بتعرّفي(bitʕarrfi) بتعرّف(bitʕarref)
subjunctive m اعرّف(aʕarref) تعرّف(tʕarref) يعرّف(yʕarref) نعرّف(nʕarref) تعرّفو(tʕarrfu) يعرّفو(yʕarrfu)
f تعرّفي(tʕarrfi) تعرّف(tʕarref)
imperative m عرّف (ʕarref) عرّفو(ʕarrfu)
f عرّفي(ʕarrfi)