سنة

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See also: سنہ

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šan-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَنَة (sanaf (plural سَنَوَات (sanawāt) or سِنُون (sinūn))

  1. year
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root س ن ن (s-n-n); compare سَنَّ (sanna, to establish (a law, custom, etc.)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سُنَّة (sunnaf (plural سُنَن (sunan))

  1. custom; norm; tradition; standard or habitual practice
    سُنَّةَ اللهِ فِي الَّذِينَ خَلَوْا مِن قَبْلُ وَلَن تَجِدَ لِسُنَّةِ اللهِ تَبْدِيلًا
    sunnata llāhi fī allaḏīna ḵalaw min qablu walan tajida lisunnati llāhi tabdīlan
    This is the Sunna of God for those of the past, and you will find no alternative for the Sunna of God. - 33:62
  2. (Islam) a recommended practice; a deed for which there is otherworldly reward, but for whose omission there is no otherworldly punishment
    هَلِ الْخِتانُ سُنَّةٌ أَمْ فَرْضٌ فِي مَذْهَبِنَا؟‎
    hali l-ḵitānu sunnatun ʾam farḍun fī maḏhabinā?
    Is circumcision a recommended practice or an obligation in our school of law?
  3. (Islam, usually definite) the Sunna: the entirety of the normative teachings and practices of Muhammad and his righteous companions, as recorded in the hadiths; in theory the second source of law after the Quran, but in practice the most important
    لَا يُوجَدُ فِي السُّنّةِ الصَّحِيحَةِ مَا يُثَبِّتُ قُدْرَةَ الْجِنِّ عَلَى سُكُونِ جَسَدِ الْإنْسان.‎
    lā yūjadu fī s-sunnati ṣ-ṣaḥīḥati mā yuṯabbitu qudrata l-jinni ʿalā sukūni jasadi l-ʾinsān.
    There is nothing in the authentic Sunna which might prove that demons are capable of dwelling in the human body.
  4. (Islam, definite) Sunnism; the Sunni sect
    مَا أَبْرَزُ الِاخْتِلافَاتِ الْفِقْهِيَّةِ بَيْنَ السُّنَّةِ وَبَيْنَ الشِّيعَة؟‎
    What are the major jurisprudential differences between Sunnis and Shiites?
Usage notes[edit]
  • Senses 2 to 4 must be well distinguished. So while سنة is used to refer to both “normative teachings recorded in hadiths” (sense 3) and “recommended practices” (sense 2), this does not mean that hadiths never establish hard obligations. (In fact, they do so very often, including such fundamental ones as the number of daily obligatory prayers.) In the same way, the fact that سنة also refers to the “Sunni sect” (sense 4) does not mean that other sects do not have a Sunna.
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
References[edit]
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “سن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سَنَة (sana, year).

Noun[edit]

سنة (sánaf, pl سنين (sínīn) سنوات (sánawāt)

  1. year

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Spiro, Socrates (1895). An Arabic-English vocabulary of the colloquial Arabic of Egypt, containing the vernacular idioms and expressions, slang phrases, etc., etc., used by the native Egyptians Cairo: Al-Mokattam Printing Office.
  • Hinds, Martin; Badawi, El-Said (1986). A Dictionary of Egyptian Arabic Beirut: Librairie du Liban.