أثر

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See also: اثر‎, آثر‎, إثر‎, أتر‎, أبر‎, اتر, and ابر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ء ث ر(ʾ-ṯ-r).

Verb[edit]

أَثَّرَ (ʾaṯṯara) II, non-past يُؤَثِّرُ‎‎ (yuʾaṯṯiru)

  1. (construed with فِي()) to influence
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with Hebrew אֲשֶׁר(ʾăšĕ́r, a relative pronoun or relativizer), Ge'ez አሰር (ʾäsär), አሠር (ʾäśär, trace, vestige; way; relic), Aramaic אַתְרָא‎ / ܐܰܬܪܳܐ(ʾaṯrā, place; region; country), and Akkadian 𒆠 (ašrum, place, site).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

أَثَر (ʾaṯarm (plural آثَار(ʾāṯār))

  1. trace, vestige
  2. sign, mark
  3. touch
  4. effect, action, influence, impression
  5. work of art
  6. ancient monument
  7. (religion) relic
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Azerbaijani: əsər
  • Bashkir: әҫәр (äθär, a literary or artistic work)
  • Bengali: আসর (asôr)
  • Kazakh: әсер (äser)
  • Kumyk: асар (asar)
  • Ottoman Turkish: اثر
  • Persian: اثر
  • Uzbek: asar

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

أَثُرْ (ʾaṯur) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of ثَارَ(ṯāra)

Etymology 4[edit]

Verb[edit]

أُثِرْ (ʾuṯir) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of أَثَارَ(ʾaṯāra)

Verb[edit]

أُثَرْ (ʾuṯar) (form IV)

  1. first-person singular non-past passive jussive of أَثَارَ(ʾaṯāra)

Verb[edit]

أَثِرْ (ʾaṯir) (form IV)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of أَثَارَ(ʾaṯāra)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ء ث ر

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Learned borrowing from Arabic أَثَّرَ(ʾaṯṯara).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔaθ.θar/, [ˈʔaθ.θar]
  • IPA(key): /ʔas.sar/, [ˈʔas.sar]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

أثّر (ʔaṯṯar) (form II, present بأثّر(biʔaṯṯer), active participle مأثّر(mʔaṯṯer))

  1. to affect, to influence (+ في)
    الدوا مش مأثّر فيه.‎‎
    id-dawa miš mʔaṯṯer fīh.
    The medicine doesn't affect him.
    (Can we add an example for this sense?)

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of أثّر (ʔaṯṯar)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m أثّرت (ʔaṯṯart) أثّرت (ʔaṯṯart) أثّر (ʔaṯṯar) أثّرنا (ʔaṯṯarna) أثّرتو (ʔaṯṯartu) أثّرو (ʔaṯṯaru)
f أثّرتي (ʔaṯṯarti) أثّرت (ʔaṯṯarat)
present m بأثّر (baʔaṯṯer) بتأثّر (bitʔaṯṯer) بأثّر (biʔaṯṯer) منأثّر (minʔaṯṯer) بتأثّرو (bitʔaṯṯru) بأثّرو (biʔaṯṯru)
f بتأثّري (bitʔaṯṯri) بتأثّر (bitʔaṯṯer)
subjunctive m اأثّر (aʔaṯṯer) تأثّر (tʔaṯṯer) يأثّر (yʔaṯṯer) نأثّر (nʔaṯṯer) تأثّرو (tʔaṯṯru) يأثّرو (yʔaṯṯru)
f تأثّري (tʔaṯṯri) تأثّر (tʔaṯṯer)
imperative m أثّر (ʔaṯṯer) أثّرو (ʔaṯṯru)
f أثّري (ʔaṯṯri)