في

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See also: فی‎, قئ‎, فى, and قي

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiː/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Ultimately Proto-Semitic *pV(y)- (in, at, or about a place or time; to be in with, to be among, during) possibly related to Proto-Semitic *pay- (mouth, an orifice, an entrance, a means in or to enter). Cognates with Hebrew פֹּה(here) and פִּי(multiplied, -fold, literally with, to have this length with this width) and Ugaritic 𐎔 (p, here, in this place or in this time; in the manner of, relating or pertaining to).

Preposition[edit]

فِي ()

  1. in, within
  2. during, for a duration of
  3. in with, among, together with
  4. of, about, in regards to, pertaining to, in the subject or topic of
    عِنْدِي سُؤَالٌ فِي النَّحْوِ
    ʿindī suʾālun fī n-naḥwi
    I have a question about grammar
  5. on account of, for the reason of, in relation to
  6. times, multiplied by, to have a measure of this by this
    Antonym: عَلَىٰ(ʿalā) ('on, divided by')
    أَرْبَعَة فِي خَمْسَة‎ ― ʾarbaʿa(t) fī ḵamsaFour times five
Inflection[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Gulf Arabic: في(there is, there are)

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

فِي () (form I)

  1. second-person feminine singular active imperative of وَفَى(wafā)

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فِي(). Compare Egyptian Arabic فيه(), Hijazi Arabic فيه(), and North Levantine Arabic فيه().

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

في (fi)

  1. there is, there are

Usage notes[edit]

The past tense there was and there were is formed by adding كان(kān) before في, for example كان في دونت بس خلصوا (kān fī dunat/donat bas ḵaḷḷaṣaw, there were doughnuts but they finished)

Preposition[edit]

في (fi)

  1. forms the conjugated forms of the preposition بْـ(b, in, at)
    فيها‎ ― fīhain her
    فينا‎ ― fīnain us
  2. (with conjugation) how about s.th., do you feel like s.th.
    فيكم سينما؟‎‎
    fīkum sēnima?
    Do you feel like going to the cinema?
    (literally, “in you (CPL), is there a cinema?”)
    فيچ نجرب المترو؟‎‎
    fīc njarrib il-mitro?
    Do you feel like trying the metro?
    (literally, “in you (FSG) (we) try the metro?”)
    فيك سفرة؟‎‎
    fīk safra?
    Do you feel like travelling
    (literally, “in you (MSG), is there a trip?”)

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Preposition[edit]

فِي ()

  1. in
    تُسْكُنْ عَايِلْتِي فِي سُوسَة‎ ― tuskun ʿāyiltī sūsaMy family lives in Sousse
    هِيَّ بِشْ تْجِي فِي مَارِسْ‎ ― hiyya biš tjī marsShe will come in March
    نَّجِّمْ نَعْمِلْ الْخِدْمَة هَاذِي فِي ثْلَاثَة يَّام‎ ― nnajjim naʿmil ilḫidma hāḏī ṯlāṯa yyāmI can do this work in three days
    هِيَّ فِي صَحَّة طَيّْبَة‎ ― hiyya ṣaḥḥa ṭayybaShe is in good health
Inflection[edit]