في

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See also: فی‎, قئ‎, فى, and قي

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiː/
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly related to Proto-Semitic *pay- (mouth, an orifice, an entrance, a means in or to enter), cognates with Hebrew פֹּה(here) and פִּי(multiplied, -fold, literally with, to have this length with this width) and Ugaritic 𐎔 (p, here, in this place or in this time; in the manner of, relating or pertaining to), and Proto-Semitic *piʔat- (side; border; front, facing part of anything), i. e. the same word as فِئَة(fiʾa, troop), since this word is retained in Ge'ez only in the combination ለፌ (läfe, in the direction of or from, thence or thither). It has also functions originally borne by Proto-Semitic *bV-, potentially perceived or originating as a devoiced form of it.

Preposition[edit]

فِي ()

  1. in, within
  2. during, for a duration of
  3. in with, among, together with
  4. of, about, in regards to, pertaining to, in the subject or topic of
    عِنْدِي سُؤَالٌ فِي النَّحْوِ
    ʿindī suʾālun fī n-naḥwi
    I have a question about grammar
  5. on account of, for the reason of, in relation to
  6. times, multiplied by, to have a measure of this by this
    Antonym: ('on, divided by') عَلَىٰ(ʿalā)
    أَرْبَعَة فِي خَمْسَة‎ ― ʾarbaʿa(t) fī ḵamsaFour times five
Inflection[edit]
    Inflected forms
Base form فِي ()
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
Singular Dual Plural
Masculine Feminine Common Masculine Feminine
First person فِيَّ (fiyya) فِينَا(fīnā)
Second person فِيكَ(fīka) فِيكِ(fīki) فِيكُمَا(fīkumā) فِيكُمْ(fīkum) فِيكُنَّ(fīkunna)
Third person فِيهِ(fīhi) فِيهَا(fīhā) فِيهِمَا(fīhimā) فِيهِمْ(fīhim) فِيهِنَّ(fīhinna)
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: f'

Etymology 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

فِي () (form I)

  1. second-person feminine singular active imperative of وَفَى(wafā)

Gulf Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فِي(). Compare Egyptian Arabic فيه(), Hijazi Arabic فيه(), and North Levantine Arabic فيه().

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

في (fi)

  1. there is, there are

Usage notes[edit]

The past tense there was and there were is formed by adding كان(kān) before في, for example كان في دونت بس خلصوا (kān fī dunat/donat bas ḵaḷḷaṣaw, there were doughnuts but they finished)

Preposition[edit]

في (fi)

  1. forms the conjugated forms of the preposition بْـ(b, in, at)
    فيها‎ ― fīhain her
    فينا‎ ― fīnain us
  2. (with conjugation) how about s.th., do you feel like s.th.
    فيكم سينما؟‎‎
    fīkum sēnima?
    Do you feel like going to the cinema?
    (literally, “in you (CPL), is there a cinema?”)
    فيچ نجرب المترو؟‎‎
    fīc njarrib il-mitro?
    Do you feel like trying the metro?
    (literally, “in you (FSG) (we) try the metro?”)
    فيك سفرة؟‎‎
    fīk safra?
    Do you feel like travelling
    (literally, “in you (MSG), is there a trip?”)

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic فِي().

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

في (fi)

  1. in, within, at
    Synonym: فـ(fi, in, at)
    نورة في المدرسة/فالمدرسة
    nūra fil-madrasa
    Nura is in the school
  2. of, about, in regards to, pertaining to, in the subject or topic of
  3. times, multiplied by, to have a measure of this by this
  4. (with conjugation) to feel like
    ما فِيّ أروح اليوم
    ma fiyya arūḥ al-yōm
    I don't feel like going today
Inflection[edit]
Inflected forms of في
Base form في(fi)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person فِيّ(fiyya) فينا(fīna)
2nd person فيك(fīk) فيكي(fīki) فيكم(fīkum)
3rd person فيه() فيها(fīha) فيهم(fīhum)
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From في (in) +‎ ـيَ(me).

Pronunciation[edit]

Adverb[edit]

في (fiyya)

  1. in me, within me

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فِي().

Preposition[edit]

في (fi)

  1. in, inside, at
    Synonym: بـ(b-)
  2. with, by means of
    Synonym: بـ(b-)

Inflection[edit]

    Inflected forms of في
Base form في (fi)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person فيي(fiyyi) فينا(fīna)
2nd person فيك(fīk) فيك(fīki) فيكم(fīkom)
3rd person فيه() فيها(fīha) فيهم(fīhom)

Derived terms[edit]


Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فِي().

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

في (fi)

  1. in
    تسكن عايلتي في سوسة‎ ― tuskun ʿāyilti fi sūsaMy family lives in Sousse
    هي باش تجي في مارس‎ ― hiyya bāš tji fi marsShe will come in March
    نجم نعمل الخدمة هاذي في ثلاثة يام‎ ― nnajjim naʕmil il-ḵidma hāḏi fi ṯlāṯa yyāmI can do this work in three days
    هي في صحة طيبة‎ ― hiyya fi ṣaḥḥa ṭayybaShe is in good health
Inflection[edit]
inflected forms of في
Base form في (fi)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person في (fiyya) فينا(fīna)
2nd person فيك(fīk) فيكم(fīkum)
3rd person فيه(fīh) فيها(fīha) فيهم(fīhum)