ما

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Algerian Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ما ()

  1. water

Andalusian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic مَاء (māʾ, water).

Noun[edit]

ما ()

  1. water

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

مَا (m

  1. (interrogative) what?
  2. (indefinite) some, a certain
  3. (relative) that which, what
  4. (relative) something which
  5. (indefinite relative) whatever, all that

Usage notes[edit]

  • As an interrogative pronoun, generally the simple form مَا () is used only in nominal sentences, while the extended form مَاذَا (māḏā) is used in verbal sentences:
مَا رَأْيُكَ فِي هٰذِهِ ٱلْمَسْأَلَةِ؟‏
raʾyuka fī hāḏihi l-masʾalah?
What is your opinion on this issue?
مَاذَا تُفَكِّرُ فِي هٰذِهِ ٱلْمَسْأَلَةِ؟‏
Māḏā tufakkiru fī hāḏihi l-masʾalah?
What do you think about this issue?

Synonyms[edit]

Particle[edit]

مَا ()

  1. not

Conjunction[edit]

مَا ()

  1. as long as

Adverb[edit]

مَا ()

  1. whenever
  2. as far as, to the extent that, to the degree that
  3. (with an elative in the accusative) (oh) how...!
    مَا أَجْمَلَ ٱلْحَيَاةَ!‏
    ʾajmala l-ḥayāh!
    How beautiful life is!

Usage notes[edit]

  • (oh how): The above accusative construction is called تَعَجُّب (taʿajjub, amazement) in Arabic. According to traditional grammar, if a nominative were used in the example above (resulting in mā ʾajmalu l-ḥayāh), it would turn into a question meaning: “What is the most beautiful kind of life?”

Hassaniya[edit]

Noun[edit]

ما ()

  1. water

Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ما ()

  1. water

Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭫𐭭𐭤 (amāh, we, us).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

Dari ما
Iranian Persian ما
Tajik мо (mo)

ما ()

  1. we
  2. (generally with following را) us
  3. (at end of an ezafe) our

Interjection[edit]

ما ()

  1. sound of a cow, moo