بد

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See also: پد

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the root ب د د (b-d-d). The meaning idol is from Persian بُتْ (bot).

Noun[edit]

بُدّ (buddm (plural بِدَدَة (bidada) or أَبْدَاد (ʾabdād))

  1. escape, means of avoiding something
    لَا بُدَّ مِن كَذَا
    lā budda min kaḏā
    there is no avoiding such a thing, such a thing is inevitable
  2. flight
  3. separation
  4. part, portion
  5. equivalent, substitute
  6. idol

Declension[edit]

References[edit]


North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Adverb[edit]

بد (badd, bidd)

  1. (false verb) want to
    بدي شوفك كل يوم، يا حبيبي
    Baddī šūfak kill yōm, yā ḥbībī.
    I want to see you every day, my dear.
  2. (false verb) should; need
    شو بدنا نئللو؟‏
    Šū badnā nʾil-lū?
    What should we tell him?

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Persian بد (bad).

Adjective[edit]

بد (bed)

  1. bad

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

بد (bëd)

  1. bad

Declension[edit]

Adverb[edit]

بد (bad)

  1. badly

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian SLYA / wt' (wad, bad, evil). Akin to Old Armenian վատ (vat), an Iranian borrowing. Unrelated to English bad, despite phonetic and semantic identity.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

بد (bad) (comparative بدتر, superlative بدترین)

  1. bad; not good
  2. evil
Antonyms[edit]

Adverb[edit]

بد (bad)

  1. poorly, badly

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “wad”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 85

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian -pt' (-bed), from Proto-Iranian [Term?] (compare Old Armenian պետ (pet), an Iranian borrowing), from Proto-Indo-European *pótis (master).

Noun[edit]

بد (-bad, -bed, -bod)

  1. lord, master

References[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Adverb[edit]

بَدّ (badd)

  1. want
    بَدِّي شُوفَك كُلّ يُوم يَا حْبِيبِي.‏
    baddī šūfak kull yōm yā ḥbībī.
    I want to see you every day, my dear.

Urdu[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Persian بد (bad).

Adjective[edit]

بد (bad) — Hindi spelling: बद (bad)

  1. bad
  2. evil
  3. wicked
  4. inauspicious

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sanskrit वृन्ध (vṛndha).

Noun[edit]

بد (badm (Hindi spelling बद)

  1. bubo