ابن

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See also: أبن‎, أثن‎, اثن‎, أتن, and آتن

Arabic[edit]

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Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *bin-. Compare Hebrew בֵּן‎.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ibn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

اِبْن (ibnm (plural أَبْنَاء(ʾabnāʾ) or بَنُون(banūn) or بَنَات(banāt), feminine اِبْنَة(ibna) or بِنْت(bint))

  1. son, ibn
    بُنَيَّ‎‎ ― bunayyamy little son (diminutive)
    اِبْنُ آدَمَ‎‎ ― ibnu ʾādamahuman (literally, “son of Adam”)
  2. descendant, scion
  3. offspring, son of the fatherland
  4. member (of a group or set of people or things)
Usage notes[edit]
  • The plural بَنَات (banāt) is used as the plural of اِبْن (ibn) if and only if the referents are things or non-human animals.
Declension[edit]
Alternative forms[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

اِبْنِ (ibni) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular active imperative of بَنَى(banā)

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “بن”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Himyaritic[edit]

Noun[edit]

ابن (ibn) (accusative: ابنا(ibn-an))

  1. son

References[edit]

  • Kees Versteegh, Mushira Eid, Encyclopedia of Arabic Language and Linguistics (2007, →ISBN, page 694

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic اِبْن(ibn).

Noun[edit]

ابن (ibinm (plural ولاد(wlēd) or صبيان(ṣibyān, ṣubyān))

  1. son

Usage notes[edit]

  • The plural ولاد (wlēd) can mean “sons” specifically, but also “children” in general. The alternative plural is used to explicitly specify the masculine.

See also[edit]