تبن

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See also: بتنand تثن

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَبَنٍّ (tabanninm (construct state تَبَنِّي(tabannī))

  1. verbal noun of تَبَنَّى(tabannā) (form V)
  2. adoption
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Likely borrowed from Aramaic תִּבְנָא‎ /‎ ܕܵܥܟܵܐ‏(teḇnā, straw), which is suspected mainly because of the varying vocalization, and also because this root is underdeveloped or it has the unrelated meaning of a “bowl”. The Aramaic might in turn come from Akkadian 𒅔𒉡𒁕 (/tibnu/, straw) but can likewise be cognate. Else the word is only present in Hebrew תֶּבֶן(teḇen, straw), in which language there is nothing to relate to either.

Noun[edit]

تِبْن or تَبْن (tibn or tabnm (collective, plural أَتْبَان(ʾatbān))

  1. straw; hay
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Denominal verb of تِبْن (tibn, straw). In the “to bung” sense allegedly motivated by Spanish taponar.

Verb[edit]

تَبَنَ (tabana) I, non-past يَتْبِنُ‎‎ (yatbinu)

  1. to give straw to, to feed with straw; to sell straw
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

تَبَّنَ (tabbana) II, non-past يُتَبِّنُ‎‎ (yutabbinu)

  1. to feed with straw
  2. to bung, to cork
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَبْن (tabnm

  1. verbal noun of تَبَنَ (tabana, to give straw to)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Uncertain origin with possible connection to Akkadian 𒋰𒉌𒌈 (/tabnītu/, an offering basket, a place to deposit tribute to a ruler or offerings before deities, literally well-arranged, well-made or constructed) and Akkadian 𒁀𒀀𒉡 (/bānu/, a ewer, vessel that fills up other vessels, literally that which does what it was made for; a by-name for a ewer in ritual texts), therefore distantly being connected to ب ن ي(b-n-y).

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Noun[edit]

تِبْن (tibnm

  1. a great bowl that can satisfy the thirst of twenty, a vessel used to fill drinking cups
  2. a generous chieftain, one who gives large amounts
  3. a wolf for its thirst for blood being likened to a great vessel's amount
Declension[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Like the more productive root ط ب ن(ṭ-b-n), from which there is with the like meanings طَبِنَ(ṭabina) and طَبِن(ṭabin).

Verb[edit]

تَبِنَ (tabina) I, non-past يَتْبَنُ‎‎ (yatbanu)

  1. to be sagacious, to be callid, to be skillful in knowing, to be minute in inspection
Conjugation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

تَبِن (tabin)

  1. intelligent, callid, sagacious, skillful in knowing, minute in inspection
Declension[edit]

Noun[edit]

تَبَن (tabanm

  1. verbal noun of تَبِنَ (tabina, to be callid)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Verb[edit]

تَبِنْ (tabin) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of بَانَ(bāna)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of بَانَ(bāna)

Verb[edit]

تَبِنَّ (tabinna) (form I)

  1. second-person feminine plural non-past active indicative of بَانَ(bāna)
  2. second-person feminine plural non-past active subjunctive of بَانَ(bāna)
  3. second-person feminine plural non-past active jussive of بَانَ(bāna)

Etymology 7[edit]

Verb[edit]

تَبْنِ (tabni) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past active jussive of بَنَى(banā)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past active jussive of بَنَى(banā)

Verb[edit]

تُبْنَ (tubna) (form I)

  1. second-person masculine singular non-past passive jussive of بَنَى(banā)
  2. third-person feminine singular non-past passive jussive of بَنَى(banā)
  3. second-person feminine plural active imperative of تَابَ(tāba)
  4. third-person feminine plural past active of تَابَ(tāba)

References[edit]

  • Aro, Jussi (1963), “Gemeinsemitische Ackerbauterminologie”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft (in German), volume 113, page 478
  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “تبن”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 1, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 141
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 124
  • Freytag, Georg (1830), “تبن”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 1, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 185
  • Kazimirski, Albin de Biberstein (1860), “تبن”, in Dictionnaire arabe-français contenant toutes les racines de la langue arabe, leurs dérivés, tant dans l’idiome vulgaire que dans l’idiome littéral, ainsi que les dialectes d’Alger et de Maroc (in French), volume 1, Paris: Maisonneuve et Cie, page 192
  • Lane, Edward William (1863), “تبن”, in Arabic-English Lexicon, London: Williams & Norgate, page 297
  • Wehr, Hans; Kropfitsch, Lorenz (1985), “تبن”, in Arabisches Wörterbuch für die Schriftsprache der Gegenwart (in German), 5th edition, Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz, published 2011, →ISBN, page 135
  • Zimmern, Heinrich (1915) Akkadische Fremdwörter als Beweis für babylonischen Kultureinfluss (in German), Leipzig: A. Edelmann, page 41