به

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Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compounded from the preposition -ب (bi) + the pronoun ه- (hu).

Preposition[edit]

به (bíhi)

  1. for him/it, with him/it
  2. in him/it, at him/it, on him/it
  3. with him/it, in connection with him/it
  4. through him/it, by means of him/it
  5. by him/it

Related terms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *bah, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *bah, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *bah, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *bah, from Proto-Western Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Austronesian *bahaq.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

به (Rumi spelling bah, plural به٢)

  1. flood (overflow of water)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of ابه, from Proto-Malayic *aba-h, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba-h, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba-h, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *aba-h, from *aba, from Proto-Western Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

به (Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Alternative form of ابه

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened form of بابه, from بابا, variant of باڤ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

به (Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Alternative form of bapa

Etymology 4[edit]

Abbreviation of بهاس, from Sanskrit भाषा (bhāṣā, language).

Alternative forms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

به (Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Abbreviation of بهاس.

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortened form of باوه, from Proto-Malayic *babah, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *babah, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *babah, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *babah, from Proto-Western Malayo-Polynesian *babaq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *babaq, from Proto-Austronesian *babaq.

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

به (Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Alternative form of باوه

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

به (ba)

  1. will (indicating future action)

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian 𐭯𐭥𐭭 (pad).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

Dari به
Iranian Persian به
Tajik ба (ba)

به (be)

  1. at
  2. to
  3. in
  4. for

Etymology 2[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fa

Dari به
Iranian Persian به
Tajik беҳ (beh)

From Middle Persian [script needed] (beh).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

به (beh)

  1. quince

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (veh) [script needed], from Old Persian [script needed] (vahu, vohu) [Cuneiform needed]. Related to Old Armenian վեհ (veh, sublime), an Iranian borrowing.

Adjective[edit]

Dari به
Iranian Persian به
Tajik беҳ (beh)

به (beh)

  1. (archaic) good, excellent
  2. (archaic) elegant
  3. (archaic) safe, sound
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • به in Francis Joseph Steingass (1892), A Comprehensive Persian-English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul