به

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See also: ته, بہٕ, په, پہ, and تۀ

Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compounded from the preposition -ب (bi) + the pronoun ه- (hu).

Preposition[edit]

به (bíhi)

  1. for him/it, with him/it
  2. in him/it, at him/it, on him/it
  3. with him/it, in connection with him/it
  4. through him/it, by means of him/it
  5. by him/it

Related terms[edit]


Malay[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Malayic *bah, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *bah, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *bah, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *bah, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *bahaq, from Proto-Austronesian *bahaq.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

به ‎(Rumi spelling bah, plural به٢)

  1. flood (overflow of water)
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Shortened form of ابه, from Proto-Malayic *aba-h, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *aba-h, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *aba-h, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *aba-h, from *aba, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *aba, from Proto-Austronesian *aba.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

به ‎(Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Alternative form of ابه

Etymology 3[edit]

Shortened form of بابه, from بابا, variant of باڤ.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

به ‎(Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Alternative form of bapa

Etymology 4[edit]

Abbreviation of بهاس, from Sanskrit भाषा ‎(bhāṣā, language).

Alternative forms[edit]

Abbreviation[edit]

به ‎(Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Abbreviation of بهاس.

Etymology 5[edit]

Shortened form of باوه, from Proto-Malayic *babah, from Proto-Malayo-Chamic *babah, from Proto-Malayo-Sumbawan *babah, from Proto-Sunda-Sulawesi *babah, from Proto-Western Malayo-Polynesian *babaq, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *babaq, from Proto-Austronesian *babaq.

Alternative forms[edit]

Preposition[edit]

به ‎(Rumi spelling bah)

  1. Alternative form of باوه

Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Particle[edit]

به ‎(ba)

  1. will (indicating future action)

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Persian [Term?] 𐭯𐭥𐭭 / PWN ‎(pad, to, at, in, on).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

Dari به
Iranian Persian به
Tajik ба ‎(ba)

به ‎(be)

  1. at
  2. to
  3. in
  4. for

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “pad”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 62

Etymology 2[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fa

Dari به
Iranian Persian به
Tajik беҳ ‎(beh)

From Middle Persian byh ‎(bēh, quince).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

به ‎(beh)

  1. quince

References[edit]

  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “bēh”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 18

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian [Term?] ŠPYL / wyh ‎(weh, better, good), from Old Persian 𐎺𐎢 ‎(vahu, good). Related to Old Armenian վեհ ‎(veh, sublime), an Iranian borrowing.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

Dari به
Iranian Persian به
Tajik беҳ ‎(beh)

به ‎(beh)

  1. (archaic) good, excellent
  2. (archaic) better
  3. (archaic) elegant
  4. (archaic) safe, sound
Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1892), “به”, in A Comprehensive Persian–English dictionary, London: Routledge & K. Paul
  • MacKenzie, D. N. (1971), “weh”, in A concise Pahlavi dictionary, London, New York, Toronto: Oxford University Press, page 89