أن

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See also: ان, آن, إن, اَِنْ, -ان, and ان-

Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation 1[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

أَنْ (ʾan)

  1. to, that
    أُرِيدُ أَنْ آكُلَ.‏
    ʾurīdu ʾan ʾākula.
    I want to eat. (lit. I want that I eat.)
    أُرِيدُ أَنْ يَأْكُلَ.‏
    ʾurīdu ʾan yaʾkula.
    I want him to eat. (lit. I want that he eat.)

Usage notes[edit]

  • أَنْ (ʾan) must be followed immediately by a verb in the subjunctive mood. The subject, if mentioned, must then be placed after the verb in the nominative case. The only exception to this rule is that a verb after بَعْدَ أَنْ (baʿda ʾan, after (conj.)) takes the past tense if the event described has already occurred. (If the event has not yet occurred, then the verb after بَعْدَ أَنْ (baʿda ʾan)) takes the subjunctive.) See also بَعْدَ (baʿda).
    اِنْتَخَبَ الشَّعْبُ رَئِيسًا جَدِيدًا بَعْدَ أَنْ تَمَّتْ كِتَابَةُ الدُّسْتُور.‏
    intaḵaba š-šaʿbu raʾīsan jadīdan baʿda ʾan tammat kitābatu d-dustūr.
    The people elected a new president after the constitution was written.
    سَيَنْتَخِبُ الشَّعْبُ رَئِيسًا جَدِيدًا بَعْدَ أَنْ تَتِمَّ كِتَابَةُ الدُّسْتُور.‏
    sayantaḵibu š-šaʿbu raʾīsan jadīdan baʿda ʾan tatimma kitābatu d-dustūr.
    The people will elect a new president after the constitution is written.
  • In addition to بَعْدَ (baʿda) above, أَنْ (ʾan) may be used with the preposition قَبْلَ (qabla, before) to form a conjunction.
    بَعْدَ الْقَرَارِ‎ ― baʿda l-qarāriafter the decision, after deciding
    بَعْدَ أَنْ يُقَرِّرَ‎ ― baʿda ʾan yuqarriraafter he decides
    بَعْدَ أَنْ قَرَّرَ‎ ― baʿda ʾan qarraraafter he decided
    قَبْلَ الْقَرَارِ‎ ― qabla l-qarāribefore the decision, before deciding
    قَبْلَ أَنْ يُقَرِّرَ‎ ― qabla ʾan yuqarrirabefore he decides; before he decided

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Conjunction[edit]

أَنَّ (ʾanna)

  1. that
    أَعْرِفُ أَنَّكَ سَرَقْتَ سَيَّارَتِي.‏
    ʾaʿrifu ʾannaka saraqta sayyāratī.
    I know that you stole my car.

Inflection[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

  • أَنَّ (ʾanna) must be followed immediately by the subject of the clause it introduces, in the accusative case. If it is a pronoun, it must be expressed.

See also[edit]