أنا

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See also: آناand انا

Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔa.na/
  • IPA(key): /ʔa.naː/ (in pausa)
  • (file)

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʔanāku, from Proto-Afroasiatic *ˀanāku, hence also Proto-Berber *ənăkkʷ (Kabyle nekk) and Egyptian jnk (Coptic ⲁⲛⲟⲕ (anok)).

Pronoun[edit]

أَنَا (ʾana, ʾanām or f (enclitic form ـِيَ(-iya) or ـِي() or ـنِي(-nī) or ـنِيَ(-niya))

  1. I (first person singular subject pronoun)
Usage notes[edit]

أَنَا(ʾanā) has four enclitic forms which are employed in different contexts and are generally not interchangeable. The enclitic forms ـنِي(-nī) and ـنِيَ(-niya) are attached to verbs, prepositions ending in نْ(n) with no final vowel (e.g., مِنْ(min) and عَنْ(ʿan)), and the sisters of إِنَّ(ʾinna) except لَعَلَّ(laʿalla). The forms ـِي() and ـيَ(-ya) are used elsewhere, but in cases where ـِي() would be preceded by a long vowel, only ـيَ(-ya) is used.

  1. سَاعِدْنِي‎ ― sāʿidnīhelp me
  2. كِتَابِي‎ ― kitābīmy book
  3. عَلَيَّ‎ ― ʿalayyaon me

See also[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Egyptian Arabic: أنا(ʔana)
  • Gulf Arabic: آنا(āna)
  • Maltese: jien, jiena
  • Moroccan Arabic: آنا(ʔāna), أنا(ʔana)
  • South Levantine Arabic: أنا(ʔana)
  • Tunisian Arabic: آنا(ʔāna)

Etymology 2[edit]

From أَنَا(ʾanā, I), calque of German Ich, possibly through ego.

Noun[edit]

أَنَا (ʾanāf or m

  1. (psychology) ego
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “أنا”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَنَا(ʾanā).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

أنا ('ánam or f

  1. I

See also[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic أَنَا(ʾanā).

Pronoun[edit]

أنا (ʔanam or f

  1. Alternative form of آنا(ʔāna): I (first person singular subject pronoun)

See also[edit]

Moroccan Arabic personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person أنا (ʔana), آنا(ʔāna) حنا(ḥna)
2nd person m انت(nta), انتينا(ntīna), انتين(ntīn) انتوما(ntūma), انتوم(ntūm)
f انت(nti), انتينا(ntīna), انتين(ntīn)
3rd person m هو(huwwa) هوما(hūma), هوم(hūm)
f هي(hiyya)

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Adverb[edit]

أنا (ʔana)

  1. (interrogative) which?

North Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَنَا(ʾanā).

Pronoun[edit]

أنا (ʾanam or f

  1. I (first person singular subject pronoun)
    Enclitic forms: ـي‎(-i/-y), ـني‎(-ni)

See also[edit]

North Levantine Arabic personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person أنا (ʔana) نحنا(niḥna)
2nd person m انت(ʔinta, ʔinte) انتو(ʔintu)
f انتي(ʔinti)
3rd person m هو(huwwe) هن(hinne) / هنن(hinnen)
f هي(hiyye)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic أَنَا(ʾanā).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ʔa.na/, [ˈʔa.na]
  • (file)

Pronoun[edit]

أنا (ʔanam or f (enclitic form ـي‎(-i) or ـني‎(-ni))

  1. I (first-person singular subject pronoun)

See also[edit]

South Levantine Arabic personal pronouns
Singular Plural
1st person أنا (ʔana) احنا(ʔiḥna)
2nd person m انت(ʔinta) انتو(ʔintu)
f انتي(ʔinti)
3rd person m هو(huwwe) هم(homme)
f هي(hiyye)