أنا

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See also: آنا and انا

Arabic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *ʾanāku, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *ˀanāku, hence also Proto-Berber *ənakkʷ (Kabyle nekk) and Egyptian *ˀanāku (Coptic ⲁⲛⲟⲕ (anok)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

أَنَا (ʾana, ʾanām, f (enclitic form ـِيَ (-iya) or ـِي () or ـنِي (-nī) or ـنِيَ (-niya))

  1. I (first person singular subject pronoun)

Usage notes[edit]

أَنَا (ʾanā) has four enclitic forms which are employed in different contexts and are generally not interchangeable. The enclitic forms ـنِي (-nī) and ـنِيَ (-niya) are attached to verbs, prepositions ending in نْ (n) with no final vowel (e.g., مِنْ (min) and عَنْ (ʿan)), and the sisters of إِنَّ (ʾinna) except لَعَلَّ (laʿalla). The forms ـِي () and ـيَ (-ya) are used elsewhere, but in cases where ـِي () would be preceded by a long vowel, only ـيَ (-ya) is used.

  1. سَاعِدْنِي‎ ― sāʿidnīhelp me
  2. كِتَابِي‎ ― kitābīmy book
  3. عَلَيَّ‎ ― ʿalayyaon me

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From أَنَا (ʾanā, I), calque of German Ich, possibly through ego.

Noun[edit]

أَنَا (ʾanāf, m

  1. (psychology) ego

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “أنا”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, ISBN 0-87950-003-4

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

أنا ('ánam, f

  1. I