ب

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See also: پ[U+067E ARABIC LETTER PEH], ت[U+062A ARABIC LETTER TEH], ٹ[U+0679 ARABIC LETTER TTEH], ث[U+062B ARABIC LETTER THEH], and ٮ[U+066E ARABIC LETTER DOTLESS BEH]
Arabic Baa.gif
ب U+0628, ب
ARABIC LETTER BEH
ا
[U+0627]
Arabic ة
[U+0629]
U+FE8F, ﺏ
ARABIC LETTER BEH ISOLATED FORM

[U+FE8E]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE90]
U+FE90, ﺐ
ARABIC LETTER BEH FINAL FORM

[U+FE8F]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE91]
U+FE91, ﺑ
ARABIC LETTER BEH INITIAL FORM

[U+FE90]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE92]
U+FE92, ﺒ
ARABIC LETTER BEH MEDIAL FORM

[U+FE91]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE93]

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب / ب‍ / ‍ب‍ / ‍ب (bāʾ)

  1. The second letter of the Arabic alphabet. Its name is بَاء(bāʾ) and it has the sound of English b. It is preceded by أ(ʾ) and followed by ت(t).
See also[edit]

Symbol[edit]

ب / ب‍ / ‍ب‍ / ‍ب (bāʾ)

  1. The second letter in traditional abjad order, which is used in place of numerals for list numbering (abjad numerals). It is preceded by أ(ʾ) and followed by ج(j).

Noun[edit]

ب (b)

  1. Abbreviation of باب(bāb, chapter).

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately Proto-Semitic *bV- (with, in, at, among) with likely interrelation with Proto-Semitic *bayt- (site, location; nest, house); cognates with Ugaritic 𐎁 (b), Aramaic ב־‎, Classical Syriac ܒ-‎, Hebrew בְּ־(bə-), and Ge'ez ().

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

بِـ (bi-)

  1. denotes an instrument or tool, with, by (a means)
    طَرَقْتُ الْمِسْمَارَ بِمِطْرَقةٍ‎ ― ṭaraqtu l-mismāra bimiṭraqatinI hit the nail with a hammer
    رَماهُم بِالْحِجَارَةِ‎ ― ramāhum bi-l-ḥijāratiHe pelted them with stones.
  2. denotes the agent of unaccusative forms
    هُوَ يَتَقَوَّى بِهِ‎ ― huwa yataqawwā bihiHe is strengthened by it
    Coordinate term: بِوَاسِطَة(biwāsiṭa, denotes the agent of passive forms) (post-Classical)
  3. denotes accompaniment
    Coordinate term: مَعَ(maʿa)
    1. with (a component)
      قَهْوةٌ بِالْحَلِيبِ‎ ― qahwatun bi-l-ḥalībicoffee with milk
    2. with (a quality); in (a state)
      بِسُرُورٍ‎ ― bisurūrinwith pleasure
      بِٱمْتِيازٍ‎ ― bimtiyāzinwith success and distinction
  4. denotes proximity, with, to, next to, at (touching on, connected with, concerning)
    مَرْبُوطٌ بِشَجَرةٍ‎ ― marbūṭun bi-šajaratied to a tree
    لَا عَلاقةَ لَهُ بِالْمَوْضُوعِ‎ ― lā ʿalāqata lahu bi-l-mawḍūʿiunrelated to the subject
  5. denotes inclusion, surrounding, or location, within (a place); in; on; at
    بِالْأَرْضِ‎ ― bi-l-ʾarḍion the earth/in or inside the ground
    بِالقَرْيةِ‎ ― bi-l-qaryatiin the village
    بِالْمَكْتَبَةِ‎ ― bi-l-maktabatiat the library
    بِالْمَكْتَبِ‎ ― bi-l-maktabiat the office/in the desk
    Synonym: فِي()
  6. denotes requital, giving or doing in return; for
    اِشْتَرَيْتُهُ بِأَلْفِ رِيَالٍ.‎‎ ― ištaraytuhu biʾalfi riyālin.I bought it for a thousand riyals.
Inflection[edit]
    Inflected forms
Base form بِـ (bi-)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
Singular Dual Plural
Masculine Feminine Common Masculine Feminine
First person بِي() بِنَا(binā)
Second person بِكَ(bika) بِكِ(biki) بِكُمَا(bikumā) بِكُمْ(bikum) بِكُنَّ(bikunna)
Third person بِهِ(bihi) بِهَا(bihā) بِهِمَا(bihimā) بِهِمْ(bihim) بِهِنَّ(bihinna)

Central Kurdish[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب / ب‍ / ‍ب‍ / ‍ب‎ ()

  1. The second letter of the Kurdo-Arabic alphabet. Its name is با(ba) and it has the sound of English b. It is preceded by ا(a) and followed by پ(pi). Equivalent to b in the Kurdo-Latin alphabet.

See also[edit]

  • Search en.wiktionary.org for articles beginning with: ب

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the Ottoman Turkish convention.

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

See also[edit]

پ(be be-talat noʾaṭ)


Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /ˈbaːʔ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /b/

Letter[edit]

ب (bāʾ)

  1. The second letter of the Arabic alphabet. Its name is بَاء(bāʾ), and is preceded by أ(ʾ) and followed by ت(t).
Forms[edit]
Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • پ(pāʾ)

Etymology 2[edit]

Probably from a shortened form of Arabic بَغْيْ(baḡy, to want).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /bi/

Preposition[edit]

ب (bi)

  1. -ing (prefix indicating the present continuous tense)
    بِيِتْكَلَّم
    biyitkallam
    he is speaking

Etymology 3[edit]

From Arabic بِ(bi).

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ب (bi)

  1. with, by (a means)
    بِالْمِطْرَقة
    bi-l-miṭraga
    with a mallet

Kashmiri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (b)

  1. The second letter of the traditional alphabet chart of Kashmiri.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ا(ا)
  • Next letter: پ(p)

Kazakh[edit]

Cyrillic Б, б
Arabic ب

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (b)

  1. The second letter of the Kazakh in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter Б.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ا
  • Next letter: پ

Khowar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. The second letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: أ
  • Next letter: پ

Kyrgyz[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /be/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /b/, /w/, /v/

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. The second letter of the Kyrgyz in Arabic Script. It represents the Cyrillic letter Б

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]


Malay[edit]

Malay Wikipedia has an article on:
ب
Wikipedia ms

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Name of letter) IPA(key): [bɐ]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable initial) IPA(key): [b]
  • (Phoneme, Syllable final) IPA(key): [p̚]

Letter[edit]

ب / ب‍ / ‍ب‍ / ‍ب

  1. The second letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]


Northern Kurdish[edit]

Preposition[edit]

ب (transliteration needed)

  1. Arabic spelling of bi (by)

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic and Persian.

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. The second letter of the Ottoman Turkish alphabet. Its name is با(ba, be).

Preposition[edit]

ب (be or bi)

  1. with
    بخرد‎ ― intelligent (literally, “with intelligence”)
  2. at; in
  3. to; into
  4. for; because of

References[edit]


Pashto[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. The second letter of the Pashto alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ا
  • Next letter: پ

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب / ب‍ / ‍ب‍ / ‍ب (be)

  1. The second letter of the Perso-Arabic alphabet. It is preceded by ا‎ and followed by پ‎. Its name is به(be) or بِ (be).

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] ( /bē/, out, away, forth, also preverbal particle of unclear additional meanings), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *bʰe.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)
  • IPA(key): (before a syllable with vowel /o/) /bo-/
  • IPA(key): (before a vowel) /bij-/

Prefix[edit]

ب‍ـ (be-)

  1. Marks the imperative of most verbs.
    این را ببین.‎‎ ― in-râ be-bin.Look at this.
    راحت بخواب.‎‎ ― râhat be-xâb.Sleep well.
  2. Marks the present subjunctive of most verbs.
    می‌خوام پانکراستو بخورم.‎‎ ― mi-xâham pânkrâs-et-o bo-xoram.I want to eat your pancreas.
    • 2020, “ماکرون: لوکاشنکو باید برود [Macron: Lukashenko must go]”, in Euronews Persian[2]:
      واضح است که لوکاشنکو باید برود.‎‎
      vâzeh ast ke lukâšenko bâyad be-ravad.
      It is clear that Lukashenko must go.
  3. (archaic) Adds an emphatic sense to a verb in the simple past.
Usage notes[edit]

Unlike the other verbal prefix می(mi-), the negative prefix نـ(na-) replaces ب‍ـ (be-) rather than attaching to it:

  • بگو(be-gu, say!) > نگو (na-gu, don't say!)

The prefix is not used with most compound verbs whose verbal element is کردن(kardan) or شدن(šodan); in these cases, the imperative or subjunctive is marked by the bare present stem. In literary language, it may be also omitted for other verbs. This is also generally true of Classical Persian texts, many of which were written before the sixteenth-century grammaticalization of the prefix as a subjunctive marker.

The verbs بودن(budan, to be) and داشتن(dâštan, to have) are irregular: the imperative and subjunctive of the former uses the stem باش(bâš) without ب‍ـ (be-), and the latter uses the past participle داشته(dâšte) in conjunction with بودن(budan), e.g. داشته باش(dâšte bâš, have!)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Thomas Jügel (2013) , “The Verbal Particle BE in Middle Persian”, in Münchener Studien zur Sprachwissenschaft[1], volume 67, issue 1, pages 29—56

Tunisian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic بِ(bi).

Preposition[edit]

ب (b)

  1. with
    نحب قهوة بالحليب‎ ― nḥib qahwa b-li-ḥlībI like coffee with milk
    ترعش بالخوف‎ ― turʕuš bi-l-ḵūfShe is shaking with fear
Inflection[edit]
inflected forms of ب
Base form ب(b)
Personal-pronoun-
including forms
singular plural
m f
1st person بي(biyya) بينا(bīna)
2nd person بيك(bīk) بيكم(bīkum)
3rd person بيه(bīh) بيها(bīha) بيهم(bīhum)

Urdu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. The second letter of the Urdu abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ا
  • Next letter: پ

Uyghur[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Letter[edit]

ب (be)

  1. The third letter of the Uyghur alphabet.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form Medial form Initial form
ب ـب ـبـ بـ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ئە(e)
  • Next letter: پ(p)