أ

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See also: ا [U+0627 ARABIC LETTER ALEF], ٵ [U+0675 ARABIC LETTER HIGH HAMZA ALEF], اً, ٱ [U+0671 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WASLA], آ [U+0622 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH MADDA ABOVE], إ [U+0625 ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA BELOW], and ا-

أ U+0623, أ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE
Composition:ا [U+0627] + ◌ٔ [U+0654]
آ
[U+0622]
Arabic ؤ
[U+0624]
U+FE83, ﺃ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE ISOLATED FORM

[U+FE82]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE84]
U+FE84, ﺄ
ARABIC LETTER ALEF WITH HAMZA ABOVE FINAL FORM

[U+FE83]
Arabic Presentation Forms-B
[U+FE85]

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Combined with fatha:أَ⁩ :

Combined with damma:أُ⁩ :

Letter[edit]

أ / ‍أ (ʔ)

  1. The first letter of the Arabic alphabet is the small hamza (⁧ء⁩) that sits on top of ⁧أ⁩, and the tall column is its bearer. The composite letter is called ⁧أَلِف(ʔalif) and the hamza represents a glottal stop (/ʔ/). (See also ⁧ا⁩.) It is followed by ⁧ب(b).

See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From former ⁧هَـ(ha-), from Proto-Semitic *ha. Cognate to Hebrewהֲ־(hă-).

Particle[edit]

أَ (ʔa-)

  1. introduces a positive yes-no question
    Synonym:هَل(hal)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 96:9-12:
      أَرَأَيْتَ الَّذِي يَنْهَىٰ (9) عَبْدًا إِذَا صَلَّىٰ (10) أَرَأَيْتَ إِن كَانَ عَلَى الْهُدَىٰ (11) أَوْ أَمَرَ بِالتَّقْوَىٰ (12)
      ʔaraʔayta allaḏī yanhā (9) ʕabdan ʔiḏā ṣallā (10) ʔaraʔayta ʔin kāna ʕalā l-hudā (11) ʔaw ʔamara bi-t-taqwā (12)
      9 Hast thou seen the one who scoldeth 10 this worshipper when he prayeth? 11 Hast thou looked at whether he is rightly guided, 12 or whether he preacheth righteousness?
  2. introduces a negative yes-no question
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 89:6-8:
      أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِعَادٍ (6) إِرَمَ ذَاتِ الْعِمَادِ (7) الَّتِي لَمْ يُخْلَقْ مِثْلُهَا فِي الْبِلَادِ (8)
      ʔalam tara kayfa faʕala rabbuka biʕādin (6) ʔirama ḏāti l-ʕimādi (7) allatī lam yuḵlaq miṯluhā fī l-bilādi (8)
      6 Hast thou not seen what thy Lord did to ʿĀd? 7 ʾIram, with its pillars, 8 the like of which had never been created before!
  3. indicates an exclusive disjunction with ⁧أَمْ(ʔam, or), as in alternative questions
    Synonym: (sometimes proscribed)هَل(hal)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 21:109:
      وَإِنْ أَدْرِي أَقَرِيبٌ أَم بَعِيدٌ مَّا تُوعَدُونَ
      wa-ʔin ʔadrī ʔa-qarībun ʔam baʕīdun mmā tūʕadūna
      I know not whether nigh or far is that which ye are promised.
  4. indicates an inclusive disjunction with ⁧أَمْ(ʔam, or) that denotes sameness, indistinguishability, unimportance, insignificance, or indifference
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 63:6:
      سَوَاءٌ عَلَيْهِمْ أَسْتَغْفَرْتَ لَهُمْ أَمْ لَمْ تَسْتَغْفِرْ لَهُمْ لَن يَغْفِرَ ٱللّٰهُ لَهُمْ
      sawāʔun ʕalayhim ʔa-staḡfarta lahum ʔam lam tastaḡfir lahum lan yaḡfira llāhu lahum
      It is the same whether thou prayest for their forgiveness or not: Allah will not forgive them.
Usage notes[edit]
  • Unlike ⁧هَلْ(hal), ⁧أَ(ʔa) precedes ⁧وَ(wa), ⁧فَـ(fa-), and ⁧ثُمَّ(ṯumma):
    609–632 CE, Qur'an, 23:115:
    أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ
    ʔa-fa-ḥasibtum ʔannamā ḵalaqnākum ʕabaṯan wa-ʔannakum ʔilaynā lā turjaʕūna
    Then did ye think that We created you uselessly and that to Us ye would not be returned?
Alternative forms[edit]
  • آ(ʔā)used before ⁧اَلْ(al-)

References[edit]

  • Tropper, Josef (2003), “Sekundäres wortanlautendes Alif im Arabischen”, in Kogan, Leonid, editor, Studia Semitica (Orientalia: Papers of the Oriental Institute; III), Moscow, →ISBN, page 200

Kashmiri[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /amaːlɨ/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /ə/

Letter[edit]

أ () (Devanagari , Devanagari )

  1. a vowel of Kashmiri.

Forms[edit]

The vowel ⁧أ⁩ in its initial form is ⁧أ⁩ , middle form ⁧ٔ⁩ and final form ⁧ٔ

See also[edit]

  • Previous vowel: ⁧آ(ā)
  • Next vowel : ⁧ٲ(ạ̄)
  • Vowel sign : ⁧ٔ⁩ (ạ)

Khowar[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /həmza alif/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /a/

Letter[edit]

أ⁩ (hamzā ālif)

  1. The second other alif letter of the Khowar abjad.

Forms[edit]

Isolated form Final form
أ ـأ

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧
  • Next letter: ⁧ب

Kyrgyz[edit]

Letter[edit]

أ

  1. The first letter of the Kyrgyz alphabet.

See also[edit]

Malay[edit]

Letter[edit]

أ

  1. The first letter of the Malay alphabet, written in the Arabic script.

See also[edit]

  • (Arabic script letters) ⁧ا⁩,‎ ⁧ب⁩,‎ ⁧ت⁩,‎ ⁧ة⁩,‎ ⁧ث⁩,‎ ⁧ج⁩,‎ ⁧چ⁩,‎ ⁧ح⁩,‎ ⁧خ⁩,‎ ⁧د⁩,‎ ⁧ذ⁩,‎ ⁧ر⁩,‎ ⁧ز⁩,‎ ⁧س⁩,‎ ⁧ش⁩,‎ ⁧ص⁩,‎ ⁧ض⁩,‎ ⁧ط⁩,‎ ⁧ظ⁩,‎ ⁧ع⁩,‎ ⁧غ⁩,‎ ⁧ڠ⁩,‎ ⁧ف⁩,‎ ⁧ڤ⁩,‎ ⁧ق⁩,‎ ⁧ک⁩,‎ ⁧ݢ⁩,‎ ⁧ل⁩,‎ ⁧م⁩,‎ ⁧ن⁩,‎ ⁧و⁩,‎ ⁧ۏ⁩,‎ ⁧ه⁩,‎ ⁧ء⁩,‎ ⁧ي⁩,‎ ⁧ى⁩,‎ ⁧ڽ[edit]

Persian[edit]

Letter[edit]

أ (alef)

  1. The first letter of the Persian alphabet.

See also[edit]

Ushojo[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (letter name): IPA(key): /həmza alif/
  • (phoneme): IPA(key): /á/

Letter[edit]

أ⁩ (hamza alif)

  1. The second letter of the Ushojo abjad.

See also[edit]

  • Previous letter: ⁧آ
  • Next letter: ⁧ا