کردن

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See also: گردن

Central Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

کردن ‎(kirdin) ‎(present stem کە)

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]


See also[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed](kyrd, kwn-), from Old Persian [script needed](kar-, to do, make, build), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kar-(to do, make), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer-(to do, make, construct). Modern Indo-Iranian cognates include Ossetian кӕнын(kænyn), конд(kond), Pashto كول(kawël, krël), Baluchi [script needed](kan-, ku(r)t-), Northern Kurdish кьрьн(kirin), кь-(ki-), Zazaki [Term?](kerdiš, ken-), and Hindustani करना(karnā) / کرنا(karnā).

The generic root for "to do, make" has developed in a wide range of specific activities, which have been preserved in old derivations such as: سگالیدن(segâlidan, to think, meditate), پیکار(peykâr, picture, statue), نگاشتن(negâštan, to paint), انگاشتن(engâštan, to suppose; believe, consider), انگاریدن(angâridan, to think, imagine; paint, figure).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Harakat: كَردَن
  • IPA(key): /kæɾˈdæn/, [kʲæɾˈdæn]
  • (file)
  • (dialectal, Mashhad, Yazd, Shiraz: some people, Bushehr, Hamadan, Abadeh, Khesht, Konartakhteh, Dashtestan) IPA(key): /keɾˈdæn/, [kʲeɾˈdæn]

Verb[edit]

Dari کردن
Iranian Persian کردن
Tajik кардан(kardan)

کردن ‎(kardan) ‎(present stem کن(kon))

  1. to do
  2. to make
  3. (vulgar) to engage in a sexual act with

Usage notes[edit]

کردن(kardan) is often used to make verbs from nouns and adjectives. The resulting compound verb is conjugated as shown below with the invariant prefix.

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Southern Kurdish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

کردن ‎(kirdin) ‎(Latin script kirdin)

  1. (transitive) to do, to make (to perform an action)

Derived terms[edit]