کردن

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See also: گردن

Central Kurdish[edit]

Verb[edit]

Northern Kurdish kirin
Southern Kurdish کردن (kirdin)
Laki کردن (kirdin)

کردن (kirdin) (present stem کە-(ke-))

  1. to do

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Terms derived from کردن

See also[edit]


Persian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian [script needed] (OBYDWN-tn’, krtn’ /kardan/), from Old Persian [script needed] (kar-, to do, make, build), from Proto-Iranian *Hákart, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kar- (to do, make), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make, construct).

Modern Indo-Iranian cognates include Ossetian кӕнын (kænyn), конд (kond), Pashto کول(kawël, krël), Baluchi [script needed] (kan-, ku(r)t-), Northern Kurdish kirin, Zazaki [Term?] (kerdiš, ken-), Hindi करना (karnā), and Urdu کرنا(karnā).

The generic root for "to do, make" has developed in a wide range of specific activities, which have been preserved in old derivations such as: سگالیدن(segâlidan, to think, meditate), پیکر(peykar, picture, statue), نگاشتن(negâštan, to paint), انگاشتن(engâštan, to suppose; believe, consider), پنگاشتن(pengâštan, paint, figure, write).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

Dari Persian کردن
Iranian Persian
Tajik кардан (kardan)

كَردَن (kardan) (present stem کُن(kon))

  1. to do
    Synonym: انجام دادن(anjâm dâdan)
  2. to make
  3. A highly productive light verb that derives verbs from nouns and adjectives.
    معرفی(mo'arrefi, introduction) + ‎کردن (kardan) → ‎معرفی کردن(mo'arrefi kardan, to introduce, literally to make introduction)
    پیشرفت(pišraft, progress) + ‎کردن (kardan) → ‎پیشرفت کردن(pišraft kardan, to progress, literally to make progress)
    باز(bâz, open) + ‎کردن (kardan) → ‎باز کردن(bâz kardan, to open, literally to make open)
    تمیز(tamiz, clean) + ‎کردن (kardan) → ‎تمیز کردن(tamiz kardan, to clean, literally to make clean)
    گوش(guš, ear) + ‎کردن (kardan) → ‎گوش کردن(guš kardan, to listen)
    Synonyms: انجام دادن(anjâm dâdan), فرمودن(farmudan, honorific)
  4. (vulgar) to fuck

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Southern Kurdish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Iranian *Hákart, from Proto-Indo-Iranian *kar- (to do, make), from Proto-Indo-European *kʷer- (to do, make, construct).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

کردن (kirdin) (Latin script kirdin‎)

  1. (transitive) to do, to make (to perform an action)

Derived terms[edit]