كتب

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: کتب‎, گپت, and ك ت ب

Arabic[edit]

تَكْتُبُ ٱمْرَأَةٌ رِسَالَةً (taktubu mraʾatun risālatan, a woman is writing a letter)

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ك ت ب(k-t-b). Compare to Hebrew כָּתַב(katáv, kāṯaḇ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.ta.ba/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

كَتَبَ (kataba) I, non-past يَكْتُبُ‎‎ (yaktubu) (transitive)

  1. to mark (symbols, shapes, graphs, glyphs, letters, and the like) on a surface, to write, to inscribe
    1. to draw (figures)
      Synonyms: رَسَمَ(rasama, to draw (a shape or a letter)), خَطَّ(ḵaṭṭa, to handwrite)
      Hyponym: حَبَرَ(ḥabara, to ink)
    2. to cut (figures)
      Synonym: نَقَشَ(naqaša, to inscribe by carving, to engrave, to etch)
  2. to produce or generate by writing
    1. to write up, to compose, to draw up, to draft
      Synonyms: أَنْشَأَ(ʾanšaʾa, to compose), سَطَرَ(saṭara, to line; to write)
      Hyponyms: أَلَّفَ(ʾallafa, to author), صَنَّف(ṣannaf, to compile; to compose), نَظَمَ(naẓama, to compose (rhyming and metrical verse))
    2. to set down figures with a typewriter or a keyboard, to typewrite or keyboard, to type
  3. to put down in writing, to write down; to record; to register; to track
    Synonym: سَجَّلَ(sajjala, to record, to register; to account for)
    Hyponyms: أَحْصَى(ʾaḥṣā, to record or enumerate in writing or otherwise), أَرَّخَ(ʾarraḵa, to chronicle, to historize)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 4:81:
      وَٱللَّهُ يَكْتُبُ مَا يُبَيِّتُونَ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ
      wa-llahu yaktubu mā yubayyitūna faʾaʿriḍ ʿanhum wa-tawakkal ʿalā llahi
      But God records what they scheme by night; so turn away from them and rely upon Allah.
    1. to write down (a event, such as a destiny or a fatality); to destine or predestine; to foreordain
      Synonym: قَدَّرَ(qaddara)
      • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 9:51:
        قُل لَنْ يُصِيبَنَا إِلَّا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَنَا
        qul lan yuṣībanā ʾillā mā kataba llahu lanā
        Say "Never will we be struck except by what Allah has decreed for us..."
    2. to write down (an ordinance, a law, a commandment, or the like); to prescribe
      • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 5:32:
        مِنْ أَجْلِ ذٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا
        min ʾajli ḏālika katabnā ʿalā banī ʾisrāʾīla ʾannahu man qatala nafsan biḡayri nafsin ʾaw fasādin fī l-ʾarḍi fakaʾannamā qatala n-nāsa jamīʿan wa-man ʾaḥyāhā fakaʾannamā ʾaḥyā n-nāsa jamīʿan
        Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption in the land; it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one: it is as if he had saved mankind entirely.
    3. to bequeath
      • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 5:21:
        يَا قَوْمِ ٱدْخُلُوا ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلْمُقَدَّسَةَ ٱلَّتِي كَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلَا تَرْتَدُّوا عَلَى أَدْبَارِكُمْ فَتَنْقَلِبُوا خَاسِرِينَ
        yā qawmi dḵulū l-ʾarḍa l-muqaddasata llatī kataba l-lahu lakum wa-lā tartaddū ʿalā ʾadbārikum fatanqalibū ḵāsirīna
        O people, enter the Holy Land that Allah has assigned to you and do not turn back and become losers.
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَتْب (katbm

  1. verbal noun of كَتَبَ (kataba)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form-II causative of كَتَبَ(kataba, to write).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

كَتَّبَ (kattaba) II, non-past يُكَتِّبُ‎‎ (yukattibu)

  1. (transitive, causative) to cause to write, to make someone write
  2. to deploy in squadrons
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كُتُب (kutubm pl

  1. plural of كِتَاب(kitāb)

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كِتٰب (kitābm (plural كُتُب (kutub))

  1. Classical Arabic spelling of كِتَاب(kitāb)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “كتب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَتَبَ(kataba).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

كتب (katab) (perfect, imperfect يكتب(yiktib), Verb form I)

  1. to write

Conjugation[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَتَبَ(kataba).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

كتب (ktab) (form I, non-past يكتُب(yiktub) or يكتَب(yiktab))

  1. to write
    كتب تلميدي مقال زوين على الحروب الأهلية اللي داز بيها المغرب فالماضي.‎‎
    ktab talmīdi maqāl zwīn ʕla l-ḥurūb el-ʔayliyya lli dāz bīha l-maḡrib f-el-māḍi
    My student wrote an essay about the civil wars that took place in Morocco in the past
  2. to destine or predestine
    كتب له الله جوج دراري.‎‎
    ktab lu llāh jūj drāri.
    God predestined him two kids

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of كتب
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m كتبت(ktabt) كتبتي(ktabti) كتب (ktab) كتبنا(ktabna) كتبتوا(ktabtu) كتبوا(katbu)
f كتبت(katbāt)
non-past m نكتب(naktub) تكتب(taktub) يكتب(yiktub) نكتبوا(nkutbu) تكتبوا(tkutbu) يكتبوا(ykutbu)
f تكتبي(tkutbi) تكتب(taktub)
imperative m كتب (ktub) كتبوا(kutbu)
f كتبي(kutbi)
    Conjugation of كتب
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m كتبت(ktabt) كتبتي(ktabti) كتب (ktab) كتبنا(ktabna) كتبتوا(ktabtu) كتبوا(katbu)
f كتبت(katbāt)
non-past m نكتب(naktab) تكتب(taktab) يكتب(yiktab) نكتبوا(nkatbu) تكتبوا(tkatbu) يكتبوا(ykatbu)
f تكتبي(tkatbi) تكتب(taktab)
imperative m كتب (ktab) كتبوا(katbu)
f كتبي(katbi)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَتَبَ(kataba).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

كتب (katab) (form I, present بكتب(boktob), subjunctive يكتب(yoktob))

  1. to write

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of كتب
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m كتبت(katabt) كتبت(katabt) كتب (katab) كتبنا(katabna) كتبتو(katabtu) كتبو(katabu)
f كتبتي(katabti) كتبت(katbat)
present m بكتب(baktob) بتكتب(btoktob) بكتب(boktob) منكتب(mnoktob) بتكتبو(btoktobu) بكتبو(boktobu)
f بتكتبي(btoktobi) بتكتب(btoktob)
subjunctive m اكتب(aktob) تكتب(toktob) يكتب(yoktob) نكتب(noktob) تكتبو(toktobu) يكتبو(yoktobu)
f تكتبي(toktobi) تكتب(toktob)
imperative m اكتب(oktob) اكتبو(oktobu)
f اكتبي(oktobi)