كتب

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See also: کتب‎, گپت, and ك ت ب

Arabic[edit]

تَكْتُبُ ٱمْرَأَةٌ رِسَالَةً (taktubu mraʾatun risālatan, a woman is writing a letter)

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ك ت ب(k-t-b). From Proto-West Semitic *katab-, but the sense "to write" has long been considered a borrowing from another Central Semitic language, perhaps denominally from كِتَاب(kitāb).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.ta.ba/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

كَتَبَ (kataba) I, non-past يَكْتُبُ‎‎ (yaktubu) (transitive)

  1. to mark (symbols, shapes, graphs, glyphs, letters, and the like) on a surface, to write, to inscribe
    1. to draw (figures)
      Synonyms: رَسَمَ(rasama, to draw (a shape or a letter)), خَطَّ(ḵaṭṭa, to handwrite)
      Hyponym: حَبَرَ(ḥabara, to ink)
    2. to cut (figures)
      Synonym: نَقَشَ(naqaša, to inscribe by carving, to engrave, to etch)
  2. to produce or generate by writing
    1. to write up, to compose, to draw up, to draft
      Synonyms: أَنْشَأَ(ʾanšaʾa, to compose), سَطَرَ(saṭara, to line; to write)
      Hyponyms: أَلَّفَ(ʾallafa, to author), صَنَّف(ṣannaf, to compile; to compose), نَظَمَ(naẓama, to compose (rhyming and metrical verse))
    2. to set down figures with a typewriter or a keyboard, to typewrite or keyboard, to type
  3. to put down in writing, to write down; to record; to register; to track
    Synonym: سَجَّلَ(sajjala, to record, to register; to account for)
    Hyponyms: أَحْصَى(ʾaḥṣā, to record or enumerate in writing or otherwise), أَرَّخَ(ʾarraḵa, to chronicle, to historize)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 4:81:
      وَٱللَّهُ يَكْتُبُ مَا يُبَيِّتُونَ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَتَوَكَّلْ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ
      wa-llahu yaktubu mā yubayyitūna faʾaʿriḍ ʿanhum wa-tawakkal ʿalā llahi
      But God records what they scheme by night; so turn away from them and rely upon Allah.
    1. to write down (a event, such as a destiny or a fatality); to destine or predestine; to foreordain
      Synonym: قَدَّرَ(qaddara)
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 9:51:
        قُل لَنْ يُصِيبَنَا إِلَّا مَا كَتَبَ اللَّهُ لَنَا
        qul lan yuṣībanā ʾillā mā kataba llahu lanā
        Say "Never will we be struck except by what Allah has decreed for us..."
    2. to write down (an ordinance, a law, a commandment, or the like); to prescribe
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 5:32:
        مِنْ أَجْلِ ذٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَىٰ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا
        min ʾajli ḏālika katabnā ʿalā banī ʾisrāʾīla ʾannahu man qatala nafsan biḡayri nafsin ʾaw fasādin fī l-ʾarḍi fakaʾannamā qatala n-nāsa jamīʿan wa-man ʾaḥyāhā fakaʾannamā ʾaḥyā n-nāsa jamīʿan
        Because of that, We decreed upon the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul unless for a soul or for corruption in the land; it is as if he had slain mankind entirely. And whoever saves one: it is as if he had saved mankind entirely.
    3. to bequeath
      • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 5:21:
        يَا قَوْمِ ٱدْخُلُوا ٱلْأَرْضَ ٱلْمُقَدَّسَةَ ٱلَّتِي كَتَبَ ٱللَّهُ لَكُمْ وَلَا تَرْتَدُّوا عَلَى أَدْبَارِكُمْ فَتَنْقَلِبُوا خَاسِرِينَ
        yā qawmi dḵulū l-ʾarḍa l-muqaddasata llatī kataba l-lahu lakum wa-lā tartaddū ʿalā ʾadbārikum fatanqalibū ḵāsirīna
        O my people, enter the Holy Land that Allah has assigned to you and do not turn back and become losers.
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كَتْب (katbm

  1. verbal noun of كَتَبَ (kataba)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Form-II causative of كَتَبَ(kataba, to write).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

كَتَّبَ (kattaba) II, non-past يُكَتِّبُ‎‎ (yukattibu)

  1. (transitive, causative) to cause to write, to make someone write
  2. to deploy in squadrons
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كُتُب (kutubm pl

  1. plural of كِتَاب(kitāb)
Descendants[edit]
  • Basque: kutun, gutun

Etymology 4[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

كِتٰب (kitābm (plural كُتُب (kutub))

  1. Classical Arabic spelling of كِتَاب(kitāb)
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “كتب”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN
  • Jeffery, Arthur (1938) The Foreign Vocabulary of the Qurʾān (Gaekwad’s Oriental Series; 79), Baroda: Oriental Institute, page 248

Egyptian Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَتَبَ(kataba).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Verb[edit]

كتب (katab) (perfect, imperfect يكتب(yiktib), verb form I)

  1. to write

Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]


Moroccan Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَتَبَ(kataba).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

كتب (ktab) (form I, non-past يكتُب(yiktub) or يكتَب(yiktab))

  1. to write
    كتب تلميدي مقال زوين على الحروب الأهلية اللي داز بيها المغرب فالماضي.‎‎
    ktab talmīdi maqāl zwīn ʕla l-ḥurūb el-ʔayliyya lli dāz bīha l-maḡrib f-el-māḍi
    My student wrote an essay about the civil wars that took place in Morocco in the past
  2. to destine or predestine
    كتب له الله جوج دراري.‎‎
    ktab lu llāh jūj drāri.
    God predestined him two kids

Conjugation[edit]

This verb needs an inflection-table template.

This verb needs an inflection-table template.


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ك ت ب

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic كَتَبَ(kataba).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ka.tab/, [ˈka.tab]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

كتب (katab) (form I, present بكتب(boktob), active participle كاتب(kāteb))

  1. to write
    كتبت لأهلي.‎‎
    katabt la-ʔahli.
    I wrote to my parents.
    اكتبلي ايّاه على ورقة.‎‎
    uktubli yyāh ʕala waraʔa.
    Write it down for me on [a sheet of] paper.

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of كتب (katab)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m كتبت (katabt) كتبت (katabt) كتب (katab) كتبنا (katabna) كتبتو (katabtu) كتبو (katabu)
f كتبتي (katabti) كتبت (katbat)
present m بكتب (baktob) بتكتب (btoktob) بكتب (boktob) منكتب (mnoktob) بتكتبو (btoktobu) بكتبو (boktobu)
f بتكتبي (btoktobi) بتكتب (btoktob)
subjunctive m أكتب (ʔaktob) تكتب (toktob) يكتب (yoktob) نكتب (noktob) تكتبو (toktobu) يكتبو (yoktobu)
f تكتبي (toktobi) تكتب (toktob)
imperative m اكتب (oktob) اكتبو (oktobu)
f اكتبي (oktobi)