حبر

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See also: جبر‎, چتر‎, خبر‎, خبز, and چپر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ح ب ر(ḥ-b-r).

Verb[edit]

حَبَرَ (ḥabara) I, non-past يَحْبُرُ‎‎ (yaḥburu)

  1. to gladden, to delight, to make happy
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

حَبِرَ (ḥabira) I, non-past يَحْبَرُ‎‎ (yaḥbaru)

  1. to be glad, to be happy
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حَبْر (ḥabrm

  1. verbal noun of حَبَرَ (ḥabara) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Denominal verb from حِبْر(ḥibr, ink).

Verb[edit]

حَبَّرَ (ḥabbara) II, non-past يُحَبِّرُ‎‎ (yuḥabbiru)

  1. to embellish, to refine
  2. to write in elegant style, to compose
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Borrowed from Classical Syriac ܚܒܪܐ(ḥeḇrā, ink), from the root ܚ-ܒ-ܪ(ḥ-b-r) related to darkness.

Noun[edit]

(file)

حِبْر (ḥibrm (plural أَحْبَار(ʾaḥbār))

  1. ink
    Synonym: مِدَاد(midād)
    Holonyms: مِحْبَرَة(miḥbara), دَوَاة(dawāh)
  2. beauty
Declension[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

From Hebrew חָבֵר(ḥaḇér, comrade) in a specific meaning as used for sectarian cadres.

Noun[edit]

حَبْر or حِبْر (ḥabr or ḥibrm (plural أَحْبَار(ʾaḥbār))

  1. (religion) non-Muslim religious authority, learned man, scribe
    1. bishop
    2. rabbi
Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • Ahrens, Karl (1930), “Christliches im Qoran. Eine Nachlese”, in Zeitschrift der Deutschen Morgenländischen Gesellschaft[1] (in German), volume 84, page 20
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 247
  • Nöldeke, Theodor (1875) Mandäische Grammatik[2] (in German), Halle: Verlag der Buchhandlung des Waisenhauses, page 61
  • Geiger, Abraham (1833, 1902) Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen? (in German), 2nd edition, Leipzig: M. W. Kaufmann, page 48

Hijazi Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic حِبْر(ḥibr)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

حِبِر (ḥibirm (plural أَحْبار(ʼaḥbār))

  1. ink