deem

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See also: Deem

English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English dẹ̄men (to judge; to criticize, condemn; to impose a penalty on, sentence; to direct, order; to believe, think, deem), from Old English dēman (to decide, decree, deem, determine, judge; to condemn, doom, sentence; to consider, examine, reckon, think; to prove; to compute, estimate; to declare, tell; to glorify, praise),[1] from Proto-Germanic *dōmijaną (to judge, think), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeh₁- (to set, put). The word is cognate with Danish dømme (to judge), Dutch doemen (to condemn, foredoom), North Frisian dema (to judge, recognise), Norwegian Bokmål dømme (to judge), Norwegian Nynorsk døma (to judge), Swedish döma (to judge, sentence, condemn). It is also related to doom.[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

deem (third-person singular simple present deems, present participle deeming, simple past and past participle deemed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To judge, to pass judgment on; to doom, to sentence.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To adjudge, to decree.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To dispense (justice); to administer (law).
  4. (transitive) To hold in belief or estimation; to adjudge as a conclusion; to regard as being; to evaluate according to one's beliefs; to account.
    She deemed his efforts insufficient.
  5. (transitive, intransitive) To think, judge, or hold as an opinion; to decide or believe on consideration; to suppose.
    • 1678, John Bunyan, The Pilgrim’s Progress; [], London: Printed for Nath. Ponder; [], OCLC 228725984; reprinted as The Pilgrim’s Progress (The Noel Douglas Replicas), London: Noel Douglas, [], 1928, OCLC 5190338, pages 139–140:
      So Chriſtian came up with him again, and ſaid, Sir, you talk as if you knew ſomething more than all the World doth; and if I take not my mark amiſs, I deem I have half a gueſs of you: Is not your name Mr. By-ends of Fair-ſpeech?
    • 1847, Ralph Waldo Emerson, “Threnody”, in Poems, London: Chapman, Brothers, 121, Newgate Street, OCLC 3098019, page 195:
      And deemest thou as those who pore, / With aged eyes, short way before? / Think'st Beauty vanished from the coast / Of matter, and thy darling lost?
  6. (intransitive) To have or hold as an opinion; to judge; to think.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Wiktionary:Entry layout#Translations.

Noun[edit]

deem (plural deems)

  1. An opinion, a judgment, a surmise.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ dẹ̄men, v.” in MED Online, Ann Arbor, Mich.: University of Michigan, 2007, retrieved 28 April 2018.
  2. ^ deem” (US) / “deem” (UK) in Oxford Dictionaries, Oxford University Press.

Anagrams[edit]


Dutch[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

deem m (plural demen, diminutive deemke n)

  1. (Brabantian) dumb person
    Maa ziet gij da dan ni, 't ligt veur ave neus, gij sen deem!
    (please add an English translation of this usage example)

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German themu, demu, from Proto-Germanic *þammai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

deem m, n (unstressed dem)

  1. dative of deen
  2. dative of dat

Declension[edit]

Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Portuguese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

deem

  1. third-person plural present subjunctive of dar
  2. third-person plural imperative of dar

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Scots form of English dame.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

deem (plural deems)

  1. woman, dame
  2. maid (especially a kitchen maid)