deem

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English demen, from Old English dēman (to judge, determine, reckon, decide, decree, sentence, condemn, assign, deem, consider, think, estimate, compute, examine, prove, doom, condemn, praise, glorify, tell, declare), from Proto-Germanic *dōmijaną (to judge, think), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰē-, *dʰeh₁- (to set, put, stell, lay). Cognate with North Frisian dema (to judge, recognise), Dutch doemen (to condemn, foredoom), Danish dømme (to judge), Swedish döma (to judge, sentence, condemn), Russian думать (dúmat, I think, consider, judge) and probably Albanian them (I say, believe, deem). Related to doom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

deem (third-person singular simple present deems, present participle deeming, simple past and past participle deemed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To judge; pass judgement on; sentence; doom.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To adjudge; decree.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To dispense (justice); administer (law).
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To think, judge, or hold as an opinion; decide or believe on consideration; suppose.
    • Emerson
      And deemest thou as those who pore, / With aged eyes, short way before?
  5. (transitive) To hold in belief or estimation; adjudge as a conclusion; regard as being; evaluate according to one's beliefs; account.
    She deemed his efforts insufficient.
  6. (intransitive) To have or hold as a (personal) opinion; judge; think.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Noun[edit]

deem (plural deems)

  1. An opinion; judgement; surmise.

Anagrams[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German themu, demu, from Proto-Germanic *þammai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

deem m, n (unstressed dem)

  1. dative of deen
  2. dative of dat

Declension[edit]

Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Scots form of English dame.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

deem (plural deems)

  1. woman, dame
  2. maid (especially a kitchen maid)