deem

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*dʰeh₁-

From Middle English demen, from Old English dēman ‎(to judge, determine, reckon, decide, decree, sentence, condemn, assign, deem, consider, think, estimate, compute, examine, prove, doom, condemn, praise, glorify, tell, declare), from Proto-Germanic *dōmijaną ‎(to judge, think), from Proto-Indo-European *dʰē-, *dʰeh₁- ‎(to set, put, stell, lay). Cognate with North Frisian dema ‎(to judge, recognise), Dutch doemen ‎(to condemn, foredoom), Danish dømme ‎(to judge), Swedish döma ‎(to judge, sentence, condemn), Russian ду́мать ‎(dúmatʹ, I think, consider, judge) and probably Albanian them ‎(I say, believe, deem). Related to doom.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

deem ‎(third-person singular simple present deems, present participle deeming, simple past and past participle deemed)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To judge; pass judgement on; sentence; doom.
  2. (transitive, obsolete) To adjudge; decree.
  3. (transitive, obsolete) To dispense (justice); administer (law).
  4. (transitive, intransitive) To think, judge, or hold as an opinion; decide or believe on consideration; suppose.
    • Emerson
      And deemest thou as those who pore, / With aged eyes, short way before?
  5. (transitive) To hold in belief or estimation; adjudge as a conclusion; regard as being; evaluate according to one's beliefs; account.
    She deemed his efforts insufficient.
  6. (intransitive) To have or hold as a (personal) opinion; judge; think.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

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Noun[edit]

deem ‎(plural deems)

  1. An opinion; judgement; surmise.

Anagrams[edit]


Luxembourgish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old High German themu, demu, from Proto-Germanic *þammai.

Pronunciation[edit]

Determiner[edit]

deem m, n ‎(unstressed dem)

  1. dative of deen
  2. dative of dat

Declension[edit]

Luxembourgish definite articles
masculine feminine neuter plural
nom./acc. deen (den) déi (d') dat (d') déi (d')
dative deem (dem) där (der) deem (dem) deen (den)

Scots[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Scots form of English dame.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

deem (plural deems)

  1. woman, dame
  2. maid (especially a kitchen maid)