שנה

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Hebrew[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šan-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

שָׁנָה ‎(shanáf ‎(dual indefinite שנתיים \ שְׁנָתַיִם, plural indefinite שָׁנִים, singular construct שְׁנַת־, plural construct שְׁנוֹת־ or שְׁנֵי־)

  1. A year: the time period representing one revolution of the Earth around the Sun.
    אורכה של שנה הוא כשתים עשרה חודשים.‎ ― The length of a year is twelve months.
    • c. 538–330 BCE, Genesis 14:4, with translation of the Jewish Publication Society:
      שְׁתֵּים עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה עָבְדוּ אֶת־כְּדָרְלָעֹמֶר וּשְׁלֹשׁ־עֶשְׂרֵה שָׁנָה מָרָֽדוּ׃
      Twelve years they served Chedorlaomer, and in the thirteenth year they rebelled.
  2. (astronomy) A year: the corresponding time period for a different planet.
Derived terms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Root
שׁ־נ־ה

From the root שׁ־נ־ה ‎(sh-n-).

Verb[edit]

שָׁנָה ‎(shaná) ‎(pa'al construction)

  1. To repeat: to do something an additional time.

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

שֵׁנָה ‎(sheináf ‎(plural indefinite שֵׁנוֹת, singular construct שְׁנַת־, plural construct שְׁנוֹת־)

  1. Defective spelling of שינה.