سن

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See also: شن

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root س ن ن(s-n-n). Etymologically related to سن(sinn, tooth, sense 3); also compare the letter ش(š).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

سَنَّ (sanna) I, non-past يَسُنُّ‎‎ (yasunnu)

  1. to sharpen, to whet, to hone, to grind
  2. to mold, to shape, to form
  3. to prescribe, to introduce, to enact
  4. to institute, to establish a method
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Verbal noun of سَنَّ(sanna).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سَنّ (sannm

  1. verbal noun of سَنَّ (sanna) (form I)
  2. prescription, introduction, enactment
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *šinn-. Cognate with Akkadian 𒅗 (šinnum), Aramaic שנא(šinā’), Ge'ez ስን (sən), and Hebrew שֵׁן(shén).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /sinn/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

سِنّ (sinnf (plural أَسْنَان(ʾasnān) or أَسِنَّة(ʾasinna) or أَسُنّ(ʾasunn))

  1. tooth, tusk, fang
    أُنَظِّفُ أَسْنَانِي‎ ― ʾunaẓẓifu ʾasnānīI am brushing my teeth
  2. point or tip
  3. a spearhead or arrowhead
  4. age (years of life)
  5. cog, sprocket, prong
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Gulf Arabic: سِنّ(senn)
  • Maltese: sinna
  • Moroccan Arabic: سنة(sanna)
  • South Levantine Arabic: سن(sinn)

References[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

سن

  1. Arabic spelling of sən (you (singular))

Chagatai[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sen (thou).

Pronoun[edit]

سن (sän)

  1. you (singular, familiar), thou

Declension[edit]


Karakhanid[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sen (thou). Cognate with Turkish sen (you), -sin (second person singular suffix), Old Turkic 𐰾𐰤(sen, you).

Pronoun[edit]

سَنْ (sen)

  1. thou; you

Related terms[edit]

Postposition[edit]

سَنْ (sen)

  1. Denotes "to be" for second person singular when at the end of an object; are.
  2. Denotes second person singular after various tenses.

Usage notes[edit]

  • It can be said that the postposition acts as a suffix.

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Turkic *sen.

Pronoun[edit]

سن (sen)

  1. you (singular), thou
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic سِنّ(sinn).

Noun[edit]

سن (sinn)

  1. tooth
  2. age

Persian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic سِنّ(sinn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari سنّ
Iranian Persian
Tajik синн (sinn)

سِنّ (senn)

  1. age

Etymology 2[edit]

From French scène.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سِن (sen)

  1. stage
    Synonym: صحنه(sahne)

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly cognate with Proto-Slavic *sěno.

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

سن (san)

  1. ivy

Etymology 4[edit]

From French Seine.

Proper noun[edit]

سن (sen)

  1. the Seine (French river)

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic سِنّ(sinn).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

سن (sinnm (plural سنان(snān))

  1. tooth
    فرشاية السنان‎ ― furšāyet is-snāntoothbrush
    (file)