سن

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See also: شن

Arabic

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Root
س ن ن (s n n)
7 terms

Etymology 1

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Etymologically related to سن (sinn, tooth, sense 3); also compare the letter ش (š).[1]

Pronunciation

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Verb

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سَنَّ (sanna) I, non-past يَسُنُّ‎ (yasunnu)

  1. to sharpen, to whet, to hone, to grind
  2. to mold, to shape, to form
  3. to prescribe, to introduce, to enact
  4. to institute, to establish a method
Conjugation
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Etymology 2

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Verbal noun of سَنَّ (sanna).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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سَنّ (sannm

  1. verbal noun of سَنَّ (sanna) (form I)
  2. prescription, introduction, enactment
Declension
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Etymology 3

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From Proto-Semitic *šinn-. Cognate with Akkadian 𒅗 (šinnum), Aramaic שנא (šinā’), Ge'ez ስን (sən), and Hebrew שֵׁן (shén).

Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): /sinn/
  • Audio:(file)

Noun

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سِنّ (sinnf (plural أَسْنَان (ʔasnān) or أَسِنَّة (ʔasinna) or أَسُنّ (ʔasunn))

  1. tooth, tusk, fang
    أُنَظِّفُ أَسْنَانِيʔunaẓẓifu ʔasnānīI am brushing my teeth
  2. point or tip
  3. a spearhead or arrowhead
  4. age (years of life)
  5. cog, sprocket, prong
Declension
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Descendants
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  • Gulf Arabic: سِنّ (senn)
  • Maltese: sinna
  • Moroccan Arabic: سنة (sanna)
  • South Levantine Arabic: سن (sinn)

References

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Azerbaijani

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Pronoun

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سن

  1. Arabic spelling of sən (you (singular))

Chagatai

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *sen (thou).

Pronoun

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سن (sän)

  1. you (singular, familiar), thou

Declension

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Karakhanid

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Etymology

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From Proto-Turkic *sen (thou). Cognate with Turkish sen (you), -sin (second person singular suffix), Old Turkic 𐰾𐰤 (sen, you).

Pronoun

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سَنْ (sen)

  1. thou; you
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Postposition

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سَنْ (sen)

  1. Denotes "to be" for second person singular when at the end of an object; are.
  2. Denotes second person singular after various tenses.

Usage notes

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  • It can be said that the postposition acts as a suffix.

Khalaj

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Pronoun

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سَن (sən) (definite accusative مه‌نۆ, plural سیز)

  1. Arabic spelling of sən (you (singular), thou)

See also

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Ottoman Turkish

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Etymology 1

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From Proto-Turkic *sen.

Pronoun

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سن (sen)

  1. you (singular), thou
Declension
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Etymology 2

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From Arabic سِنّ (sinn).

Noun

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سن (sinn)

  1. tooth
  2. age

Etymology 3

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Borrowed from French Seine.

Proper noun

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سن (Sen)

  1. the Seine

Persian

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Etymology 1

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Borrowed from Arabic سِنّ (sinn).

Pronunciation

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Readings
Classical reading? sinn, sin
Dari reading? sinn, sin
Iranian reading? senn, sen
Tajik reading? sin

Noun

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Dari سنّ
Iranian Persian
Tajik син

سِنّ (senn)

  1. age

Etymology 2

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Borrowed from French scène.

Pronunciation

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Noun

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سِن (sen)

  1. (Iran) stage
    Synonym: صحنه (sahne)

Etymology 3

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Possibly cognate with Proto-Slavic *sěno.

Alternative forms

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Noun

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سن (san)

  1. (archaic) ivy

Etymology 4

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Borrowed from French Seine.

Proper noun

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سن (sen)

  1. (Iran) the Seine (French river)

South Levantine Arabic

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Etymology

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From Arabic سِنّ (sinn).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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سن (sinnm (plural سنان (snān))

  1. tooth
    فرشاية السنانfuršāyet is-snāntoothbrush
    Audio (Ramallah):(file)

Urdu

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Etymology

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Borrowed from Classical Persian سن (sinn), from Arabic سِنّ (sinn).

Pronunciation

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Noun

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سِن (sinm (Hindi spelling सिन)

  1. age
    Synonym: عمر (ʾumar)

References

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  • سن”, in اُردُو لُغَت (urdū luġat) (in Urdu), Ministry of Education: Government of Pakistan, 2017.
  • سن”, in ریخْتَہ لُغَت (rexta luġat) - Rekhta Dictionary [Urdu dictionary with meanings in Hindi & English], Noida, India: Rekhta Foundation, 2024.