cog

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See also: COG

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cogwheel showing the teeth (cogs).

From Middle English cogge, from Old Norse [Term?] (compare Norwegian kugg (cog), Swedish kugg, kugge (cog, tooth)), from Proto-Germanic *kuggō (compare Dutch kogge (cogboat), German Kock), from Proto-Indo-European *gugā (hump, ball) (compare Lithuanian gugà (pommel, hump, hill)), from *gēw- (to bend, arch).

The meaning of “cog” in carpentry derives from association with a tooth on a cogwheel.

Noun[edit]

cog (plural cogs)

  1. A tooth on a gear.
  2. A gear; a cogwheel.
  3. An unimportant individual in a greater system.
    • 1976, Norman Denny (English translation), Victor Hugo (original French), Les Misérables
      ‘There are twenty-five of us, but they don’t reckon I’m worth anything. I’m just a cog in the machine.’
    • 1988, David Mamet, Speed-the-Plow
      Your boss tells you “take initiative,” you best guess right—and you do, then you get no credit. Day-in, … smiling, smiling, just a cog.
  4. (carpentry) A projection or tenon at the end of a beam designed to fit into a matching opening of another piece of wood to form a joint.
  5. (mining) One of the rough pillars of stone or coal left to support the roof of a mine.
Derived terms[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

cog (third-person singular simple present cogs, present participle cogging, simple past and past participle cogged)

  1. To furnish with a cog or cogs.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle English cogge, from Middle Dutch kogge, cogghe (modern kogge), from Proto-Germanic *kuggō (compare German Kock (cogboat), Norwegian kugg (cog (gear tooth))), from Proto-Indo-European *gugā (hump, ball) (compare Lithuanian gugà (pommel, hump, hill)), from *gēw- (to bend, arch). See etymology 1 above.

Noun[edit]

cog (plural cogs)

  1. (historical) A ship of burden, or war with a round, bulky hull.
    • 1952, C. S. Lewis, The Voyage of the Dawn Treader
      The name of the ship was Dawn Treader. She was only a little bit of a thing compared with one of our ships, or even with the cogs, dromonds, carracks and galleons which Narnia had owned when Lucy and Edmund had reigned there under Peter as the High King, for nearly all navigation had died out in the reigns of Caspian's ancestors.
  2. A small fishing boat.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Uncertain origin. Both verb and noun appear first in 1532.

Noun[edit]

cog (plural cogs)

  1. A trick or deception; a falsehood.
    • 1602, William Watson, Quodlibets Religious and State:
      False suggestions, shamelesse cogs, and impious forgeries.
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

cog (third-person singular simple present cogs, present participle cogging, simple past and past participle cogged)

  1. To load (a die) so that it can be used to cheat.
  2. To cheat; to play or gamble fraudulently.
    • 1726, Jonathan Swift (debated), Molly Mog
      For guineas in other men's breeches, / Your gamesters will palm and will cog.
  3. To seduce, or draw away, by adulation, artifice, or falsehood; to wheedle; to cozen; to cheat.
  4. To plagiarize.
    • 1979, Tri-Quarterly (issues 46-47, page 273)
      [] his themes and exercises were in constant demand for what we called cogging and American students rather grandly called plagiarization. Shakespeare and Eliot plagiarized; we grimly cogged in the early morning-oh, []
    • 2006, Verve: The Spirit of Today's Woman (volume 14, issues 4-6, page 51)
      Coming to journalism, how many of us have not been guilty at some stage of 'cogging' from other articles, []
  5. To obtrude or thrust in, by falsehood or deception; to palm off.
    to cog in a word
    • October 3, 1718, John Dennis, letter to S. T. , Esq; On the Deceitfulness of Rumour
      Fustian tragedies [] have [] been cogg'd upon the town for Master-pieces.
Translations[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

cog (plural cogs)

  1. Alternative form of cogue (wooden vessel for milk)

Anagrams[edit]


Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from cogadh (war).

Verb[edit]

cog (present analytic cogann, future analytic cogfaidh, verbal noun cogadh, past participle cogtha)

  1. (rare or archaic) to war, wage war

Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
cog chog gcog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French cogue, itself from Middle Dutch kogge.

Noun[edit]

cog

  1. a ship of burden, or war with a round, bulky hull

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Back-formation from cogadh (war, fighting).

Verb[edit]

cog (past chog, future cogaidh, verbal noun cogadh, past participle cogte)

  1. fight

Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Welsh coc, from Proto-Brythonic *kog, ultimately imitative, similar to Old High German (crow, jackdaw), Middle Low German (crow, jackdaw).

Noun[edit]

cog f (plural cogau)

  1. cuckoo
Usage notes[edit]
  • Cog is usually found preceded by the definite article, y gog.
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Welsh coc, from Proto-Brythonic *kog, from Latin coquus.

Noun[edit]

cog m (plural cogau or cygod)

  1. cook
    Synonym: cogydd
Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
cog gog nghog chog
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “cog”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies